Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (27):
What kind of plays depict a descent from optimism to disillusionment or pessimism?
What "Verfremdungseffect" can be translated as...
Who argued that the subconscious was the highest plan of reality and attempted to recreate its workings dramatically?
What many historians believe that political and economic unrest set the stage for the rise of...
Who made his reputation at the Old Vic in London?
What originated in Switzerland with a series of manifestos written by Tristan Tzara?
Who could more justifiably claim to have developed the concept of Epic Theatre?
Who believed in dictatorial government and forcible suppression of opposition?
Who idealized war and the developing machine age?
What was the closest the United States has come to establishing a national theatre?
The Federal Theatre Project
Who used a narrator in "Our Town" to paint a picture of a small town life and set it against larger issues?
Who believed theatre was not a literary event but a sensory one?
What country's theatre between the world wars remained the most commercially oriented theatre in the world?
What theatre was often referred to as America's Moscow Art Theatre?
The Group Theatre
Who was sent to one of Stalin's prison camps and died there in 1940?
Surrealism, "Six Characters in Search of an Author"
Theatre of Cruelty
Frederico Garcia Lorca
American Musical Theatre
Aspects of Theatre of Cruelty
- Antonin Artaud believed that western theatre needed to be totally transformed and its literary tradition which emphasized language was antithetical to its ritualistic origins and western theatre artists should study Asian theatres.
- He did not believe texts were sacred; he felt that a script should be reworked to be relevant
- Theatre for Antonin Artaud was not a literary event but a sensory experience
- Artaud did not use the term "cruelty" to mean that theatre artists should literally assault their audiences - although some later avant-garde theatre artists did think of cruelty as actual physical confrontations with spectators, viewers sense should be bombarded
- He wanted to reorganize theatre space to make the audience the center of attention
Aspects of Surrealism
- The surrealists argued that the subconcious was the highest plane of reality and attempted to re-create its workings dramatically
- Many of their plays seem to be set in a dream world, mixing recognizable events with fantastic happenings.
- Cocteau's best known plays are reworkings of Greek myths that contrasted modern ideas with traditional stories
- Luigi Pirandello became one of the most well known surrealistic playwrights whos works engaged in philosophical debates questioning the relationship between appearance and reality.
Four Bertolt Brecht plays
"Mother Courage and her Children" "Galileo" "The Good Person of Setzuan" and "The Caucasian Chalk Circle"