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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (27):
1

What kind of plays depict a descent from optimism to disillusionment or pessimism?

Expressionism

2

What "Verfremdungseffect" can be translated as...

Alienation Effect

3

Who argued that the subconscious was the highest plan of reality and attempted to recreate its workings dramatically?

Surrealists

4

What many historians believe that political and economic unrest set the stage for the rise of...

Totalitarianism

5

Who made his reputation at the Old Vic in London?

Tyrone Guthrie

6

What originated in Switzerland with a series of manifestos written by Tristan Tzara?

Dadaism

7

Who could more justifiably claim to have developed the concept of Epic Theatre?

Erwin Piscator

8

Who believed in dictatorial government and forcible suppression of opposition?

Fascists

9

Who idealized war and the developing machine age?

Futurists

10

What was the closest the United States has come to establishing a national theatre?

The Federal Theatre Project

11

Who used a narrator in "Our Town" to paint a picture of a small town life and set it against larger issues?

Thornton Wilder

12

Who believed theatre was not a literary event but a sensory one?

Antonin Artaud

13

What country's theatre between the world wars remained the most commercially oriented theatre in the world?

America

14

What theatre was often referred to as America's Moscow Art Theatre?

The Group Theatre

15

Who was sent to one of Stalin's prison camps and died there in 1940?

Meyerhold

16

Lee Strasburg

Method Acting

17

Luigi Pirandello

Surrealism, "Six Characters in Search of an Author"

18

Elmer Rice

"Adding Machine"

19

Antonin Artaud

Theatre of Cruelty

20

Noel Coward

"Blithe Spirit"

21

Frederico Garcia Lorca

Spanish Plays

22

Cole Porter

American Musical Theatre

23

Aspects of Theatre of Cruelty

- Antonin Artaud believed that western theatre needed to be totally transformed and its literary tradition which emphasized language was antithetical to its ritualistic origins and western theatre artists should study Asian theatres.
- He did not believe texts were sacred; he felt that a script should be reworked to be relevant
- Theatre for Antonin Artaud was not a literary event but a sensory experience
- Artaud did not use the term "cruelty" to mean that theatre artists should literally assault their audiences - although some later avant-garde theatre artists did think of cruelty as actual physical confrontations with spectators, viewers sense should be bombarded
- He wanted to reorganize theatre space to make the audience the center of attention

24

Erwin Piscator

Epic Theatre

25

Aspects of Surrealism

- The surrealists argued that the subconcious was the highest plane of reality and attempted to re-create its workings dramatically
- Many of their plays seem to be set in a dream world, mixing recognizable events with fantastic happenings.
- Cocteau's best known plays are reworkings of Greek myths that contrasted modern ideas with traditional stories
- Luigi Pirandello became one of the most well known surrealistic playwrights whos works engaged in philosophical debates questioning the relationship between appearance and reality.

26

Four Bertolt Brecht plays

"Mother Courage and her Children" "Galileo" "The Good Person of Setzuan" and "The Caucasian Chalk Circle"

27

Aspects of Brecht's Epic Theatre

-Written in Episodic structure
- Usually dealt with history or foreign lands, covered long periods of time, shited locale frequently, have intricate plots, and include many characters
- The goal of Epic Theatre was to instruct
- Theatre should create an intellectual climate for social change