Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

Theatre and Society II > Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (15):
1

Who was the German newspaper man who outlined his social philosophy in The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital?

Karl Marx

2

Who are the two most prominent practitioners of the well-made-play formula?

Eugene Scribe and Victorien Sardou

3

Who is credited with popularizing the box set in america?

Edwin Booth

4

What swept through Europe as wanted to establish unified political states in the 19th century?

Nationalism

5

What are the aspects of romanticism in the theatre of the 19th century?

Romanticism was influenced by the German "Sturm Und Drang" in the 1st half of the 19th century. Victor Hugo outlined the characteristics of romanticism in tan introduction to his play Cromwell (1827) Romanticism not only rejects neoclassical rules, but rejects all artistic rules, suggesting that genius creates its own rules. Many romantic playwrights used Shakespearean episodic plot structures and made their plays epic in scope.

6

Who was best known as an opera composer and was also important as a stage and direction theorist?

Wilhelm Richard Wagner

7

Who are the two most famous international stars of the late 19th century?

Sarah Bernhardt and Eleonora Duse

8

What are the aspects of romanticism in the theatre of the 19th century?

Romanticism was influenced by the German "Sturm Und Drang" in the 1st half of the 19th century. Victor Hugo outlined the characteristics of romanticism in tan introduction to his play Cromwell (1827) Romanticism not only rejects neoclassical rules, but rejects all artistic rules, suggesting that genius creates its own rules. Many romantic playwrights used Shakespearean episodic plot structures and made their plays epic in scope.
Unlike shakespeare, romantics were more interested in creating mood & atmosphere than in developing believable plots or depth of character.
Romantic dramatists did not believe in purity genre, they considered all subject matter appropriate for the stage.
Romantic heros were often social outcasts who quested for justice, knowledge, and truth.
Romantic drama was often imbued with the independent spirit of the time.

9

What are the aspects of the well-made-play in the theatre of the 19th century?

Well- Made - Play the term came to describe a play that builds mechanically to its climactic moment that often feels contrived.
A well-made-play emphasizes careful cause-to-effect development, it is usually tightly constructed crisis drama.
The action often revolves around a secret known to the audience but not to the characters.
The exposition is carefully laid out, and the dramatic action is clearly foreshadowed while each act builds to the climactic moment.
In a major scene (the obligatory scene) the characters confront each other in a showdown, and the plot is carefully resolved so that there are no loose ends.
Devices such as letter and lost documents often motivate the dramatic action.

10

What are the aspects of the impact that the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen had on the development of the stage direction?

He would plan and direct productions, and provide sketches for scenery and costumes. To create appropriate scenic illusions, he insisted on historical accuracy and spent lavish sums on rich fabrics and authentic decor.
He extended his attention to the traditionally bare stage floor, decorating it with carpets, steps shrubbery, and similar ornamentation.
The stage picture was further enhanced by carefully worked-out crowd scenes
The Meiningen company astounded the world with its acting ensemble and its unified, historically accurate productions.

11

What form of drama means "song drama" or "music drama"

melodrama

12

What was influenced by the German Sturm Und Drang movement in the 1st half of the 19th century?

Romanticism

13

The names of the three major forms of drama that came into prominence between 1800-1875

melodrama, romanticism, the well-made-play

14

What took place at the Covent Garden Theatre in 1809 when ticket prices were praised?

Old Price Riots

15

Types of 19th Century melodrama and their modern day equivalents

Frontier melodrama - westerns
nautical melodrama - swashbuckler films
domestic melodrama - soap operas