Flashcards in Chapter 11 Emergency Management Deck (34)
FEMA since 1979 has led the effort to coordinate emergency response to the nation’s major disasters. FEMA response to the Department of Homeland Security.
The goal of FEMA was to create a________ at all levels--- local, state, and federal that would result in a more successful, unified response during the time of need.
seamless planning approach
standard on disaster/emergency management and business continuity programs
establishes a set of criteria is for disaster and emergency management that can be of great assistance to the chief officer or other emergency planner.
A fire chief would be well advised to participate in a lead role in his or her community’s ______
risk/hazard planning process.
It is in _____________ that the Chief can make great strides in serving as a catalyst in bringing together the other disciplines within the municipalities
_____ is a mandatory item for any fire service officer meeting his federal NIMS requirements.
As the incident increases in complexity, the responsibilities of the incident commander will become more time-consuming and resource driven, and there will be an increase in the communication needs of the incident.
A greater emphasis on the functions of ___. ____, and _____ must be considered by the incident commander as the tactical needs of the incident grow and incident action plans go from being mental to written.
Planning, resource management, and financial issues
The best way to identify needed improvements is through the process of a _________
post incident analysis.
Acquiring copies of local news reports can also be useful in reviewing a response.
The Chief Officer may serve as a moderator of the critique or, if intimately involved in the response, he may choose to find a _______ to moderate, thus preventing the appearance of bias.
neutral third party
The activities associated with emergency management might better be described as ___________ because much more work needs to be devoted upfront, before the event, in order to be successful.
emergency planning and prevention
FEMA is often considered the expert when it comes to activity surrounding the basic responsibilities of ______
To assist with emergency management process, FEMA has developed four basic functional areas of responsibility for emergency management programs:
mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery
FEMA type ___ team: Handled with 1 or 2 resources. No Command structure. No written IAP
FEMA type __ team: Command staff only if needed. Strike team/ task force. 1 Oper. Period
FEMA type __ team: Capabilities exceed initial attack ICS positions added. Some General/Command staff may be activated. Div/Groups supervisors. Written IAP may be needed
FEMA type ___ team: Resources outside area including Regional/National resources. Most /all General/Command staff filled. IAP required. Functional units staffed. Ops. Personnel not exceed 200 total of 500. Agency administrator responsible for incident complexity analysis, agency administrator briefings and written delegation of authority.
FEMA type ___ team: Most complex need National resources. All Command/General Staff activated. Personnel exceed 500 total over 1000. Establish Branches. The agency illustrator will have refills and ensure that the complexity analysis and delegation of authority are updated. Use of resource advisors at base recommend
The EOC is often structured using the _________ as a guide for agency representatives.
emergency support functions
When an emergency incident impacts a multijurisdictional area, the policy officials within the EOC may be called upon to establish resource and tactical priorities for the affected area. EOC officials may also be utilized to collect ____________ over the affected area.
Area command can be used to coordinate the management of multiple incidents that are themselves being managed by ___________ organizations.
individual incident management
Area Commands can provide important and necessary coordination amongst multiple incidents with potentially _________
Success at any incident depends upon the IC’s ability to __________
plan, organize, and execute identified strategies and tactics.
______ determines the length of the operational period with common durations being 4, 6, 8, 12, or 24 hours
The length of the operational period depends on:
the complexity of the incident
For more stable incidents, operational periods of longer than one day can be set, where an active hazardous material incident may be managed utilizing ________operational periods
The purpose of the __________ is to formally communicate, in written form, the incident objectives; command and organizational structure; resource assignments; and support needs, including medical plans, traffic plans, safety concerns, maps, and communications plans. The number and type of forms required to complete the incident action plan is determined by the Operational needs of the incident.
incident action plan
The ________will lead the team through a strategy and tactics development meeting
Operation Section Chief
The _________will review the developed tactics and determine if the resources needed to fill the identified tactics are already available on scene or if additional resources will be needed.
Logistics Section Chief (Logistics officer)
The _____________ will conduct a cost analysis and ensure that projected expenses are approved or whether modifications need to be made to the plan due to financial restrictions.
________will review the tactics selected, identify potential hazards to personnel, and develop a plan to mitigate the identified hazards.
The Incident Safety Officer