Chapter 11- Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11- Musculoskeletal System Deck (41):
0

Clavicle

Collar bone

1

Scapula

Shoulder bone

2

Humerus

Upper arm bone

3

Radius

Lower arm thumbside bone

4

Ulna

Lower arm bone, parallel to radius

5

Carpals

Eight bones between radius, ulna, and metacarpals

6

Metacarpals

Long bones of the palm

7

Phalanges

Long bones of the digits

8

Hip

Ilium, pubis, ischium

9

Femur

Longest bone of the body, thigh bone

10

Patella

Knee bone

11

Tibia

Larger lower leg bone, for weight bearing

12

Fibula

Calf bone, runs parallel with tibia bone

13

Tarsals

Instep bones

14

Metatarsals

Long bones of the foot

15

Sternum

Breast bone

16

Arthralgia

Joint pain

17

Asthenia

Without strength

18

Ataxia

Without muscular coordination

19

Atonic

Without muscular tone

20

Atrophy

Without the process of development (often due to lack of use)

21

Carpal tunnel syndrome (C.T.S)

Inflammation of the median nerve associated with excessive use (sx: carpalgia, edema, numbness, &/or atrophy)

22

Dystrophy

Difficult or painful development process

23

Hypertrophy

Excessive development process

24

Hypotrophy

Underdevelopment process

25

Kinesialgia

Pain upon movement

26

Kyphosis

Condition of hunchback spinal curvature

27

Lordosis

Condition of a convex or swayback spinal curvature

28

Luxation

Dislocation

29

Lyme disease

A spirochete infection secondary to a deer tick bite (treated with antibiotics)

30

Osteomalacia

A bone softening disease (due to a vitamin D deficiency or renal dysfunction)

31

Osteoporosis

Condition of bone mass reduction (resulting in porousness of bone, weakness, or fracture)

32

Paresis

Weakness (remarkable)

33

Hemiparesis

Half or one-sided weakness

34

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of all four limbs

35

Scoliosis

Condition of a lateral 'S' spine curvature

36

Spinal stenosis

A condition of spinal canal narrowing (results in pain, pressure, or paresis)

37

Torsion

Twist, twisting

38

Arthrocentesis

Joint puncture to remove fluid

39

Arthroscopy

Procedure or process of joint examination with an instrument

40

Sclerosis

Condition of hardening