Chapter 12- Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12- Cardiovascular System Deck (29):
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Arteries

Vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart

1

Veins

Vessels that carry de-oxygenated blood to the heart

2

Diastolic

Related to the ventricular relaxation phase of the heart cycle

3

Systolic

Related to the ventricular contraction within the heart cycle

4

Stenosis

Condition of narrowing

5

Embolus

A free-floating clot of air, blood, fat, bacteria, or foreign body that could lodge

6

Thrombus

A stationary blood clot

7

Bradycardia

Slow heart rate

8

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate

9

Aneurysm

A weak and ballooned blood vessel

10

Angina pectoris

Chest pain

11

Angioplasty

Process or procedure of reconstructing a blood vessel canal to open the lumen

12

Arrhythmia

Related to without rhythm

13

Atherosclerosis

Condition of fatty plaque deposits hardening and narrowing arterial walls

14

Cardiac catheterization

Intracardiac arterial tube insertion to measure pressures and evaluate function of the heart

15

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

An emergency procedure aimed at restoring ventilation and cardiac functions

16

Cardioversion

Return to normal heartbeat

17

Cyanosis

Condition of blueness

18

Diaphoresis

Profuse perspiration

19

Fibrillation

Fast but incomplete heartbeat

20

Hypercholestemia

Excessive/ high blood cholesterol

21

Intracardiac catheterization (ccath)

Cardiac catheterization

22

Ischemia

Insufficient blood/oxygen to a tissue

23

Infarct

An obstruction

24

Myocardial infarction (M.I.)

Coronary artery blockage (heart attack) that leads to heart muscle tissue death

25

Metabolic syndrome (M.B.S) (Syndrome x)

Confluence of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, then heart disease

26

Occlusion

Blockage or obstruction

27

Pallor

Pale or paleness

28

Syncope

Faint or temporary loss of consciousness