Chapter 19- The Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19- The Endocrine System Deck (17):
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Diabetes insipidus

Inadequate ADH pituitary secretion

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Diabetes mellitus

Disorder of carbohydrate/glucose metabolism

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Hyperglycemia

Too little insulin and too much blood glucose that may lead to ketoacidosis/diabetic coma

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Hypoglycemia

Too much insulin and too low blood glucose that may lead to insulin shock

4

Addison's disease

Adrenal hyposecretion characterized by paresis and/or weight loss

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Hypercholestemia

High cholesterol in blood

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Hyperthyroidism

Excessive thyroid secretion and increased metabolic rate

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Hypothyroidism

Under active metabolism and thyroid secretion

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Metabolism

The process by which ingested nutrients are converted to heat and other general energy

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Homeostasis

The body's tendency to maintain the same balanced internal environment at a state of relaxation and health

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Stress response

The physiological sympathetic nervous system response to a stressor

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Stressor

Any real or perceived as if real pressure that results in a sympathetic response

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Parasympathetic response

The nervous system that activates the relaxation response

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Eustress

Relaxation after the stressor has passed

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Sympathetic response

The physical 'fight or flight' response to a stressor

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Distress

A prolonged sympathetic response after the stressor has passed

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Target organ

The physical area or organ affected by distress