Chapter 14- Gastrointestinal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14- Gastrointestinal System Deck (31):
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Adhesions

Fibrous bands of scar tissue that can displace surrounding organs

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Anorexia

Without appetite

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Anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by a distorted body image, compulsive control, food aversion, fear of weight gain, and layering of clothing

3

Binge eating disorder or B.E.D.

Eating in excess of 2500 calories within 2 hours with feelings of shame, distress, and physical discomfort at least biweekly for 6 months

4

Bulimia nervosa

An eating disorder involving chronic secretive uncontrolled bingeing during brief amount of time followed by self induced purging with substance abuse, gag reflex stimulation, and/or intense exercise for at least 2 weeks over a 3 week period

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Crohn's disease

A chronically inflamed bowel

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Distention

Stretching beyond the normal circumference from internal pressure

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Diverticulitis

Inflammation of esophageal or intestinal pouches

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Diverticulosis

Condition of esophageal or intestinal pouches

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Dyspepsia

Difficult or painful digestion

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Dysphagia

Difficult or painful eating or swallowing

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Fissure

A crack in rectal or anal tissue

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Fistula

An abnormal pipe-like passageway

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Flatus or flatulence

Gas

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Gastroesophageal reflux or G.E.R.D.

Stomach and esophageal regurgitation causing burning and dyspepsia

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Intussusception

An intestinal telescoping that may cause an obstruction

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Polyphagia

Excessive eating or swallowing

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Polyposis

Condition of polyps or mushroom-like growths

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Viscera

Internal organs

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Cholecystectomy

Procedure or process of surgically removing the gallbladder

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Colonoscopy

Procedure or process of examining the colon

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Colostomy

Procedure or process of artificially establishing a mouth-like opening in the colon

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Gastrectomy

Procedure or process of surgically removing (a portion of) the stomach

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Gavage

Feeding by nasogastric tube

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Lavage

Washing out or irrigation

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Ileostomy

Procedure or process of artificially establishing a mouth-like opening into the ileum

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Laparoscopy

Procedure or process of examining the abdomen and/or an abdominal wall

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Laparotomy

Procedure or process of incising the abdomen and/or an abdominal wall

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Lithotripsy

Procedure or process of crushing or destroying stones

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BED

Binge eating disorder

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GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease