Chapter 11: Music and Speech Perception Flashcards Preview

Sensation and Perception > Chapter 11: Music and Speech Perception > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11: Music and Speech Perception Deck (13):
1

octave

The interval between two sound frequencies having a ratio of 2:1.

2

tone height

A sound quality corresponding to the level of pitch. Tone height is monotonically related to frequency.

3

chord

A combination of three or more musical notes with different pitches played simultaneously.

4

melody

a sequence of note so chords perceived as a single coherent structure.

5

tempo

The perceived speed of the presentation of sounds.

6

syncopation

Any deviation from a regular rhythm.

7

vocal tract

The airway above the larynx used for the production of speech. The vocal tract includes the oral tract and nasal tract.

8

phonation

The process through which vocal folds are made to vibrate when air pushes out of the lungs.

9

articulation

The act or manner of producing a speech sound using the vocal tract.

10

formant

A resonance of the vocal tract. Formants are specified by their center frequency and are denoted by integers that increase with relative frequency.

11

spectrogram

In sound analysis, a 3D display that plots time on the horizontal axis, frequency on the vertical axis, and amplitude (intensity) on a color or gray scale.

12

coarticulation

The phenomenon in speech whereby attributes of successive speech units overlap in articulation or acoustic patterns.

13

categorical perception

For speech as well as other complex sounds and images, the phenomenon by which the discrimination of items is no between than the ability to label items.