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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (23)
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1

The result of Britain refusing to stop trading opium to the Chinese

Opium War

2

Rights that provided exemption from Chinese law at four Chinese ports and gave foreigners other privileges

Extraterritorial Rights

3

Led by Hong Xiuquan named after the Chinese expression meaning "great peace"

Taiping Rebellion

4

Foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities

Sphere of influence

5

Policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China

Open Door Policy

6

A 1900 rebellion in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the county

Boxer Rebellion

7

An 1854 agreement between the US and Japan, which opened two Japanese ports to U.S. ships and allowed the US to set up an embassy in Japan

Treaty of Kanagawa

8

The period of Japanese history from 1867 to 1912, during which the country was ruled by Emperor Mutsuhito

Meiji era

9

1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan , sparked by the two the countries' efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea

Russo-Japanese War

10

The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit

Annexation

11

Dictators in Latin America

Caudillos

12

Issued by US President James Monroe, stated the the American continents were no long subjects for future colonization by Europe

Monroe Doctrine

13

A Cuban writer who spoke for Cuban independence and died early in the war with Spain

Jose Marti

14

Began when America wanted to help Cubans in their fight for independence in 1898, and lasted for 4 months

Spanish-American War

15

Waterway that made it easier to travel across Panama, opened in 1914, construction began under Teddy Roosevelt

Panama Canal

16

An extension to the Monroe Doctrine which gave the US the right to be "an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere

Roosevelt Corollary

17

Played a leading role in Mexico's fight for independence, became Mexico's president

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

18

Liberal reformer, opposite of Santa Anna, worked for the country

Benito Juarez

19

Juarez's reform movement

La Reforma

20

New caudillo after Juarez, noted general,

Porfirio Diaz

21

Born into one of Mexico's richest families, arrested after running for president, sent into exile

Francisco Madero

22

Cowboy Robin Hood,

Francisco "Pancho" Villa

23

Another strong popular leader and raised a popular revolution army

Emiliano Zapata