Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

World History > Chapter 17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
1

An international organization made up of 48 countries that intended to protect the members against aggression

The United Nations

2

Represented Europe’s division between a mostly democratic Western Europe and a Communist Eastern Europe

Iron curtain

3

A policy directed at blocking Soviet influence and preventing the expansion of communism by President Truman

Containment

4

Truman’s support for countries that rejected communism, caused great controversy

Truman Doctrine

5

Assistance program issued by the US Secretary of State George Marshall that provided food, machines, and other materials to European countries that needed aid

Marshall Plan

6

In 1949, ten Western European nations joined with the US and Canada to form this defensive military alliance

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

7

Alliance including the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania formed in 1955 as a part of the USSR’s own containment policy

Warsaw Pact

8

The willingness to go to the brink, or edge, of war

Brinkmanship

9

Event when the Soviets shot down a U-2 plane and its pilot, Francis Gary Powers

U-2 Incident

10

Leader of the Communist Party in China

Mao Zedong

11

Leader of the Nationalist Party in China

Jiang Jieshi

12

Large collective farms

Communes

13

Millions of students that responded to the call of revolution by Mao Zedong and formed militias

Red Guards

14

The major uprising of the Red Guards

Cultural Revolution

15

The dividing line of north and South Korea

38th Parallel

16

Leader of the UN and US forces in the pacific

Douglas MacArthur

17

Communist leader in Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh

18

How President Eisenhower described the threat of Communism in the rest of Asia

Domino Theory

19

Leader of the anti-Communist government in Vietnam, who literally not a single person liked

Ngo Dinh Diem

20

Nixon's plan for the US troops to gradually pull out while the South Vietnamese increased combat

Vietnamization

21

Communist rebels in Cambodia

Khemer Rouge

22

Group of developing nations, often newly independent, who were not aligned with the two superpowers, the US, and the USSR

Third World

23

Uninvolved countries

nonaligned nations

24

Started a revolution in Cuba and became a communist dictator

Fidel Castro

25

Dictator of Nicaragua

Anastasio Somoza

26

Sandinista leader

Daniel Ortega

27

Iran's leader who embraced Western governments

Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi

28

Leader of this religious opposition in Iran

Auatollah Ruholla Khomeini

29

President of the US in the 1960s

John F. Kennedy

30

Vice President of John F. Kennedy, became president in 1963

Lyndon Johnson