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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (25)
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1

Two countries promising to not attack each other

Nonaggression pact

2

Lightning war

Blitzkrieg

3

French general that fled to London where he set up a government-in-exile committed to reconquering France, he went on to organize the Free French military forces tat battled until 1944

Charles de Gaulle

4

New British prime minister

Winston Churchill

5

Horrible time when Hitler bombed England mercilessly, raged on until May 10, 1941

The Battle of Britain

6

Issued by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill on August 9th, upheld free trade among nations and the right of people to choose their own government

Atlantic Charter

7

Japans greatest naval strategist

Isoroku Yamamoto

8

December 7, 1941 when the Japanese bombed Hawaii and sent the US into WWII

Pearl Harbor

9

The turning in the war challenging the Allies to finally go on the offensive

Battle of Midway

10

Commander of the Allies' land forces in the Pacific

Douglas MacArthur

11

MacArthur's first target, At dawn on August 7, 1942, About 19,000 US Marines with Australian support, landed in Guadalcanal

Battle of Guadalcanal

12

The Germanic people, a "master race"

Aryans

13

The mass slaughter of civilians-especially Jews

Holocaust

14

"Night of Broken Glass" Night of November 9th when Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues

Kristallnacht

15

Segregated Jewish areas

Ghettos

16

Hitler's plan of a pogrom of genocide

The Final Solution

17

The systematic killing of an entire people

Genocide

18

Nazi general in Norther Africa

Erwin Rommel

19

Took control of British forces in North Africa

General Bernard Montgomery

20

Began on August 23, 1942, after this battle the Germans went on the defensive, proved how strong the Soviets were in winter

Battle of Stalingrad

21

British, American, French, and Canadian troops fought their way onto a 60 mile stretch of beach in Normandy

D-Day

22

Germany’s last major stand in WWII, occurred in December 1944

Battle of the Bulge

23

Japanese suicide pilots

Kamikaze

24

H

Nuremberg Trials

25

Disbanding armed forces

Demilitarization