Chapter 12: The Peripheral Vascular System Flashcards Preview

Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking > Chapter 12: The Peripheral Vascular System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12: The Peripheral Vascular System Deck (10)
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1

The arteries contain 3 concentric layers of tissue:

the intima
the media
the adventitia
p. 489

2

Capillaries have an endothelial cell lining, but no...

...media, facilitating rapid diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
p. 491

3

The popliteal artery branches into..

...dorsalis pedis artery and posterior tibial artery.
p. 491

4

Only the superficial lymph nodes are accessible to physical examination. These include...

...the cervical nodes, the axillary nodes, and nodes in the arms and legs.
p. 493

5

Where are the epitrochlear nodes located?

on the medial surface of the arm, about 3 cm above the elbow
p. 493

6

Hydrostatic pressure within the capillary bed, especially near the arteriolar end...

This movement is aided by the relatively weak...

...forces fluid out into the tissue spaces.

...osmotic attraction of proteins within the tissues (called interstitial colloid oncotic pressure) and is opposed by the hydrostatic pressure of the tissues.
p. 494

7

As blood continues through the capillary bed toward the venous end, its hydrostatic pressure falls, and another force gains dominance. This is called the...

...colloid oncotic pressure of plasma proteins, which pulls fluid back into the vascular tree.
p. 494

8

The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in first degree relatives is...

...15% - 28%
p. 496

9

What is the leading cause of sudden death?

AAA rupture.
p. 498

10

It is important to note that an inguinal mass suspicious for an incarcerated hernia is often diagnosed...

...as AAA at surgery.
p. 501