Chapter 18: Assessing Children: Infancy Through Adolescence Flashcards Preview

Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking > Chapter 18: Assessing Children: Infancy Through Adolescence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18: Assessing Children: Infancy Through Adolescence Deck (4)
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1

In utero infection by Treponema pallidum usually occurs after the 16th week of gestation and affects virtually all fetal organs. If it is not treated, __% of infected babies die before birth and another 30% shortly thereafter.

25%

[p. 882]

2

Facial stigmata shown here include bulging of the frontal bones (frontal bossing), and nasal bridge depression (saddle nose), both from ___________; rhinitis from weeping nasal mucosal lesions (snuffles); and a circumoral rash.

periostitis

[p. 882]

3

What is frontal bossing?

Abnormal prominence of the frontal bones. This is a rare finding on fetal sonography.

[From "Diagnostic Ultrasound": The Fetal Face and Neck; retrieved from Clinical Key]

4

Frontal bossing is associated with the following diagnoses:

achondroplasia
acromegaly
basal cell nevus
cleidocranial dysostosis
congenital syphilis
Crouzon syndrome
fetal trimethadione
Pfeiffer syndrome
Russell-Silver syndrome
Thanatophoric dysplasia

[From "Diagnostic Ultrasound": The Fetal Face and Neck; retrieved from Clinical Key]