Chapter 13, 14, and 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13, 14, and 15 Deck (53)
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1

Interest Groups

Organizations where members act together to influence public policies to promote their common interests.

2

Pluralism

A theory of politics that contends that power is group based and that because there are multiple points of access.

3

Iron Triangle

Conception of bureaucracy policy making in which policy makes are dominated by congressional committees, interest groups, and bureaucracy agencies.

4

Logic of Collective Action

The view that the cost of large groups collectively organizing are high, and the benefits of individual members are relatively low.

5

Free Rider

A person who profits from the activities of others without participating in those activities.

6

Collective Good

Any benefit that if available to one member of a community cannot be denied to another.

7

Lobbying

The process which an individual, group, or organization seeks to influence government policy makers.

8

Electuineering

Working actively on the behalf of a political entity with activities that might include publicly endorsing, or making phone calls, or contributing to the campaign.

9

Political Parties

Mass organizations that seek to elect candidates to public office and influence policy making.

10

Two party system

A government system in which only two parties compete to get elected to office.

11

Minor Parties

Political parties in two party systems that aren't one of the two dominant parties.

12

Democrat and Republicans

Early political party that Thomas Jefferson formed to oppose the nationalist policies of John Adams and Alexander Hamilton.

13

Federalist Party

Early political party supported by John Adams and Alexander Hamilton that supported nationalizing the economy.

14

Sedition Act

1798 that criminalized harsh criticism of President John Adams and his policies.

15

12th amendment

requires vp and p to be elected on separate ballots.

16

Democratic Party

One of the two major political parties. Established by Andrew Jackson. This was to champion the interests of the commoners.

17

Whigs

Political party to oppose the politics and policies of president andrew Jackson

18

Republican Party

one of the two major political parties by whigs who opposed slavery

19

Realignment

periods of when voter allegiances towards the political periods shift for an extended period of time resulting from one party emerging as dominant.

20

Black and Ten republicans

a wing of republican party that supported civil rights for blacks.

21

Lilly White Republicans

wing of republican party that opposed civil rights for blacks.

22

New Deal Coalition

The groups that supported president franklin roosevelt policies. As a result, it made the democratic party the dominant party during the 30s and 40s.

23

Dealignment

A period in which voters abandon their ties to the political parties resulting in a balance of power between Republicans and Democrats.

24

Caucus

Political meeting where they discuss possible candidates.

25

Superdelegates

delgates to the democratic national convention who are not elected by primaries or caucus or established party leaders.

26

Party Platform

Statement of what a political policy principles.

27

National committee

org responsible for making rules and regulations for a party when the convention is not in session.

28

Hard money

The heavy regulated money that is directly raised by political parties.

29

Soft Money

money that is raised by political parties to support and maintain the party

30

National committee chair

the head of each party's national committee who is responsible for directing the parties strategies.