Chapter 7 and 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 and 10 Deck (23)
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1

Caucus

a method for political parties to select their candidates for office whereby party members convene at local meetings.

2

Primary

A method for political parties to select their candidates for office whereby people vote in an election.

3

Modern Presidency

Since Franklin Roosevelt in 1933, the conception of the presidency, which is characterized by a powerful president who seeks to lead Congress, connects with the American public, and presides over an enormous executive branch.

4

Executive Orders

Directives that the president issues to subordinates in the executive branch and that have the force of law.

5

Executive Agreements

Agreements between the presidents and foreign nations that, because they are not treaties, do not need the approval of the Senate.

6

Congressional War Powers

The power granted by the Constitution to Congress to decide when the US goes to war.

7

Enemy Combatants

The status given to individuals captured in battle who do not belong to any national military force.

8

Veto

The presidents ability to cancel legislation passed by congress.

9

Pocket Veto

A way for the president to overturn a bill passed by Congress when the president does not act on a bill within ten days of passage and Congress adjourns in the meantime.

10

State of the Union Address

An annual occasion in which the president speaks before Congress to suggest laws that Congress should pass.

11

Cabinet

The key presidential aides, each of whom heads an executive branch department, as well as others that the president designates.

12

Executive Office of the President

A part of the executive branch that is divided into specific offices and contains key advisers who assist the president in managing the executive branch and developing policies.

13

Press Secretary

A member of the president's staff who conducts daily briefings with members of the media.

14

Chief of Staff

A key assistant to the president who coordinates executive branch employees and serves as a link between other presidential advisers and the president.

15

Mandate

A president's claim to Congress that his election victory signifies the public's support for his policy preferences.

16

Impeachment

The process by which the House of Representatives charges a president, vice-president, or federal judge, with a high crime or misdemeanor; the Senate can then decide to remove that official from office with a two thirds vote.

17

Executive Privilege

Presidential authority to keep some of the communications among executive branch personnel private and free from Congress, the courts, and the public.

18

Public Opinion

The collective opinions of large segments the population on an issue, candidate, or public policy on which the public might be much divided and lack a consensus.

19

Gender Gap

The difference between men and women on such crucial issues as partisan identification and voting for certain candidates.

20

Political Socialization

The process through which a person gains political understanding and forms a set of political beliefs.

21

Partisan Identification

The political party an individual most identifies with.

22

Sample

A small set of people carefully drawn from a larger population to reflect its overall characteristics.

23

Bradley Effect

The difference between how Black candidates poll and how they perform at the ballot box.