Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

Visual Art "Living With Art" 9th ed > Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

Gustave Eiffel

-French Engineer and constructor of bridges
-designed the Eiffel Tower
-and the highest bridge in the world at the time
-uses cast iron and shows the iron instead of hiding it.

2

Zaha Hadid

british Architech
"Paper Architect"
Uses design and fabrication
created Burnham Pavilion

3

Load Bearing Construction

walls, posts, columns, or arcades support the weight of ceilings and upper floors.
Example: "Great Friday Mosque"

4

Post and Lintel Construction

vertical posts supports with a horizontal element.
Example: Stonehedge

5

Arch and Vault (round arch, barrel vault, groin vault)

similar to the post and lintel but instead of the horizontal there is an arch allowing more viewing.
Round: regular arch
Barrel: creates a tunnel
groin: has four pathways or four barrels

6

Aqueduct

Channel for supplying water often underground. high arch when crossing valleys or low ground.
example: Pont-du-Gard, Nîmes, France,

7

Dome

hemispherical dome atop a structure
Example: Pantheon

8

Truss

structure that has one or more triangular units.
used in bridges or roofs.

9

Baloon Framing

factory cut pieces and are taken to the site to be constructed into the skeleton of the structure.
Modern form of construction

10

Steel

strong metal of iron alloyed with carbon
1875 steel began to replace iron.

11

Chicago School

Holabird and Roche
-used steel framing construction as a skeleton
-plain exterior
-large glass windows

12

Suspension Bridge

bridge with roadway suspended from cables that are supported by towers.
Example: Golden Gate Bridge

13

Reinforced Concrete

concrete in which steel is imbedded so materials act together.
Example: Sydney Opera House

14

Great Friday Mosque

Djenne, Mali
location: Djenne Mali
Largest mud brick/adobe building
no sunlight

15

Stonehenge

example of post and lintel structure
Location: Salisbury Plain,Wiltshire, England

16

Pantheon

Rome, Italy
"temple of the gods"
Example of a Dome Sructure

17

Taj Mahal

Agra, India
-Example of a Dome Structure
-acts as a tomb as well.
-constructed from white marble
-India

18

Byodo-in Temple

Uji, Japan
example of Post and lintel
and expanded the design by creating a bracket set which was a more sturdy structure.

19

Eiffel Tower

Paris, France
Cast Iron construction
worlds largest tower until 1931
Created by Gustave Eiffel

20

Seagram Building

New York
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip
Johnson.
Skyscrapper
steel frame construction
modern and simple look.

21

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Harbor, Australia
Architect: Jørn Utzon
Example of Reinforced concrete.