Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (21)
-French Engineer and constructor of bridges
-designed the Eiffel Tower
-and the highest bridge in the world at the time
-uses cast iron and shows the iron instead of hiding it.
Uses design and fabrication
created Burnham Pavilion
Load Bearing Construction
walls, posts, columns, or arcades support the weight of ceilings and upper floors.
Example: "Great Friday Mosque"
Post and Lintel Construction
vertical posts supports with a horizontal element.
Arch and Vault (round arch, barrel vault, groin vault)
similar to the post and lintel but instead of the horizontal there is an arch allowing more viewing.
Round: regular arch
Barrel: creates a tunnel
groin: has four pathways or four barrels
Channel for supplying water often underground. high arch when crossing valleys or low ground.
example: Pont-du-Gard, Nîmes, France,
hemispherical dome atop a structure
structure that has one or more triangular units.
used in bridges or roofs.
factory cut pieces and are taken to the site to be constructed into the skeleton of the structure.
Modern form of construction
strong metal of iron alloyed with carbon
1875 steel began to replace iron.
Holabird and Roche
-used steel framing construction as a skeleton
-large glass windows
bridge with roadway suspended from cables that are supported by towers.
Example: Golden Gate Bridge
concrete in which steel is imbedded so materials act together.
Example: Sydney Opera House
Great Friday Mosque
location: Djenne Mali
Largest mud brick/adobe building
example of post and lintel structure
Location: Salisbury Plain,Wiltshire, England
"temple of the gods"
Example of a Dome Sructure
-Example of a Dome Structure
-acts as a tomb as well.
-constructed from white marble
example of Post and lintel
and expanded the design by creating a bracket set which was a more sturdy structure.
Cast Iron construction
worlds largest tower until 1931
Created by Gustave Eiffel
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip
steel frame construction
modern and simple look.