Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Visual Art "Living With Art" 9th ed > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

Georgia Okeeffe

Modernist Artist
Medium: Mostly oil, watercolor, and charcoal

Georgia O'Keefe was born in Wisconsin on November 15, 1887. She studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and had her first gallery show in 1916. Her early works were in oil, but throughout her life she would experiment with other techniques, such as watercolor.
She married the gallery owner Alfred Stieglitz, in 1924. Though based in New York, the couple would often travel to New Mexico to paint. The landscape of New Mexico was a major influence in O'Keefe's paintings. After her husband's death, in 1946, O'Keefe moved permanently to New Mexico. She died in Santa Fe, on March 6, 1986

2

Frida Kahlo

Medium: Mostly known for oil, also did watercolor, pencil, and fresco

Style: Many critics identified surrealism —an art form combining dreams and reality — in Kahlo's work, but she disagreed. After experiencing a tragic car accident, miscarriages and a tumultuous marriage, she felt that she was simply displaying her reality and personal life experiences.

Prominent:

3

Piet Mondrian

Style: Cubism, Modern artist, abstract art

Medium:

Prominent: Dutch artist painted in Paris

4

Versailles Palace and Gardens

Example of Symmetrical balance
all the fountains and the landscape are aligned and balanced.

5

Welcome to the World Famous Brands

The Luo Brothers
Medium: collage and lacquer on wood
Example of Symmetrical balance

6

The Two Fridas.

Frida Kahlo
Medium: Oil
Example of Approximate Symmetry where there are slight difference

7

Animal Spirit Channeling Device for the Contemporary Shaman

John Feodorov
Medium: Mixed Media and collage
Example of radial balance where circular composition radiates from the center

8

Jack in the Pulpit No. IV.

Georgia O'Keeffe
Medium: Oil
Example of Hierarchical scale where the larger or more important figures are larger.
shows the importance of nature.

9

Bar at the Folies-Bergere

Edouard Manet
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Example of rhythm and how the rhythm is disturbed by the perspective in the mirror. Makes the viewer need to take a closer look and how we are viewing the woman.

10

Resurrection.

El Greco
Medium: Oil on canvas
Example of hierarchical scale and shows how jesus is the largest figure taking up almost half of the painting.

11

The Burghers of Calais

Rodin
Medium: bronze casting
Each figure is a hero but each figure has their own personality and shows the true feelings and grief of a hero.
example of rhythm

12

Composition

Organization of lines, shapes, colors, and other art elements in a work of art.

13

Visual weight

apparent heaviness or lightness of forms arranged in composition gauged by how the viewer is drawn.
Example: "Red Cube" Isamu Noguchi
the red cube is balanced because of the visual weight even though the cube is not centered.

14

Symmetrical Balance

Symmetrical:
Design in which the two halves of a composition, on either side of an imaginary vertical axis correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement.
Example:
Versailles Palace and Gardens

15

Scale

Size in relation to normal scale

16

Hierarchical Scale

The most important is the largest.
Example:
"Resurrection"
"Jack in the Pulpit"

17

Golden section / Golden rectangle

golden rectangle that is continuous and is said to be found in everything. Mostly prominent in 400BCE greek sculptures of human bodies and architecture

18

Rhythm

repetition or alternation of elements. sense of movement and texture>>random, regular, alternating.
Example:
"A Bar at the Folies-Bergère"
"Bourgeois of Calais"

19

Asymmetrical Balance

Asymmetrical:
two sides that dont correspond but still remained balanced.

Larger > smaller
Darker > Light (same size)
Texture > Simple (same size)
Complex > Simple (same size)
2 Small = Heavy (Large)
Small & Dark = Light & Large

20

Radial Balance

Circular composition radiating from the center
Example:
"Animal Channeling Device For Contemporary Shaman"

21

Relieved/Approximate symmertry

similar but slight differences
Example:
"The Two Fridas"

22

Proportion

Relationship between parts of a whole or between two or more items received as a unit. Relationship between object and surroundings.