Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (21):
1

Cosmopolitan

Being at ease in more than one cultural setting

2

Hybridity

Cultural mixing

3

Cultural Imperialism

The idea that some cultures dominate other cultures and that cultural domination by one culture leads inevitably to the destruction of subordinated cultures and their replacement by the culture of those in power

4

Human Rights

A set of rights that should be accorded to all human beings everywhere in the world

5

Post national ethos

An attitude tward the world in which people submit to the governmentality of the capitalist market while trying to evade the governmentality of nation-states

6

Multiculturalism

living permanentky in settings surrounded by people with cultural backrounds different from your own and struggling to define the degree to which the cultural beliefs and practices of different groups sould or should not be accorded respect and recognition by the wider society

7

Legal citizenship

THe rights and obligations of citzenship accorded by the laws of a state

8

Substantive citizenship

The actions people take, regardless of their legal citizenship status, to assert their membership in a state and to bring about political changes that will improve their lives

9

Transnational nation states

nation states in which the relationship between citizens and their states extend to wherever the citizens reside

10

Flexible citizenship

The strategies and effects employed by managers, technocrats, and professionals who regularly move across boundaries and who seek both to circumvent and benefit from different nation-state regimes

11

Diaspora

Migrant populations with a shared identity who live in a variety of different locales around the world; a form of transborder identity that does not focus on nation building

12

Long Distance nationalists

Members of a diaspora who begin to organize in support of nationalists struggles in their homeland or to agitate for a state of their own

13

Transborder State

A form of state in which it is claimed that those people who left the country and their descendants remain part of their ancestral state, even if they are citizens of a nother state

14

Transborder citizenry

A group made up of citizens of a country who continue to live in the homeland plus the people who have emigrated from the country and their descendants regardless of their current citizenship

15

Core

In world-system theory, the nations specializing in banking, finance and highly skilled industrial production

16

Periphery

In world system theory, those exploited former colonies that supply the core with cheap food and raw materials

17

Semi-periphery

In world system theory states that have played peripheral roles in the past but now have sufficient industrial capacity and other resources to possibly achieve core status in the future

18

Globalization

Reshaping of local conditions by powerful global forces on an every-intensifying scale

19

Dependance theory

A theory that argues that the success of independent capitalist nations has required the failure of dependent colonies or nations whose economies have been distorted to serve the needs of dominant capitalist outsiders

20

World system theory

A theory that argues that, from the late fifteenth and early 16th century european capitalist began to incorporate other regions and peoples into a world system whose parts were linked economically but not politically

21

Modernization Theory

A theory that argues that the social change occurring in non western societies under colonial rules was a necessary and inevitable prelude to higher levels of social development that had been reached by the more modern nations.