Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (65):
An intellectual movement at the heart of the renaissance that focused on education
A time of creativity and great change in many different areas- political social economic and cultural
Made sketches of nature and of models in his studio, and dissected corpses to learn how bonds Nd muscles work. His painting griped people with realism.
An artist who had many talents. Called a "melancholy genius" because his work reflects his many life-long spiritual and artistic struggles.
Widely admires for both his artistic talent and "his sweet and gracious nature" developed his own style of painting that blooded Christian and classical styles.
The author of "the book of the courtier". It describes the manners, skills, learning, and virtues that a member of the court should have.
Wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power.
Looked at real rulers in an age of ruthless power politics
Their worth influence transformed Florence
Meant to blend beauty with utility and improvement of society.
Created a majestic done for the cathedral in Florence, which he modeled on the Dome of the pantheon. He was multitask enter
Printed the 1st complete edition of the bible using a printing press with moveable type.
In 1400s she was 1 of the most important Flemish painters. Her portrayals of townspeople as well as religious scenes painted in rich realistic details
Jan Van Eyck
1500s Flemish painters who used vibrant colors to portray Livy scenes of peasant life,
What nickname did Bruegel earned?
Blended the realistic tradition of Flemish painters like Bruegel with the classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian renaissance
German painter who was one of the 1st northern artists to be profoundly affected by renaissance Italy.
Everyday language of ordinary people.
The Dutch priest and humanist who was one o the most important scholars of the age.
Erasmus's friend, the English humanist who also pressed for social reform.
The towering figure of renaissance literature who was a English poet and playwright.
A 3-story, open-air theater could seat 3,000 people and had a stage more than 49 feet wide. Built by shake showed and his company of actors.
The globe theater
In 1500s the rennassance in Northern Europe sparked a religious upheaval that affected Christians at all levels of society. Northern Europeans called for church reform eventually release forces that would shatter Christian unity.
In the Roman Catholic Church, parson for sins committed during a persons life
The man who triggered the revolt I the church who was a German monk and professor of theology.
Luther drew up arguments, against indulgences
Where the priest named johann teteel set up pulpit on the outskirts of the town in 1517
The new holy roman emperor who summoned Luther to the diet at the city of worms
Assembly of German princes, comes from a Middle English word meaning "a day for a meeting"
Study if subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry,and history, that were thought in Ancient Greece and Rome.
a florentine who lived in the 1300s, was an early renaissance humanist, poet, ad scholar.
A city in the the Tuscany region of northern Italy that was the center of the Italian renaissance.
a person who provided finial support for the arts
Artistic technique used to give paintings and drawings a 3d effect.
Swiss reformers who challenged the Catholic Church who profoundly affected the direction of the reformation.
The idea of that god had long ago determined who would gain salvation
Swiss city-state which became a Calvinist theocracy in the 1500; today a major city in Switzerland
Government run but religious leaders.
In the 1300s launched a systematic attack against the church, using sermons, and writings to call for change in England.
Swiss reformer, a priest, and a admirer of Erasmus. He stressed the importance of the bible and rejected elaborate church rituals.
Signed in 1555, allowed eac price to decide which religion- catholic of Lutheran- would be followed in his lands
The peace of Augsburg
A subgroup of a major religious group was responsible for the break in the Catholic Church.
Was responsible for the break in the Catholic Church
Hebert and his Spanish wife's only surviving child
Appointed as archbishop of the new church. He annulled the King's marriage and married Henry to Anne Boleyn
Henry and Anne's daughter
Recognized as a saint
Her policies were a compromise between Protestant and catholic practices
Led by Italian cardinal Carlo borromeo, the council met off and on for almost 20 years.
Council of Trent
A Spanish knight raised in the crusading tradition.
Ignatius of Loyola
Symbolized renewed. She was born into a wealthy Spanish family, Teresa entered a convent in her youth.
Teresa of Avilla
Separate section of a city where members of a minority group forced to live
People who thought they were witches
This book was restored by Elizabeth
Book of common prayer
A polish scholar who published the revelations of the heavenly spheres produced heliocentric.
Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Danish astronomer who provided evidence that supported Copernicus's theory. He set up an astronomical observatory.
German astronomer and mathematician who used brache's data to calculate the orbits of the plants revolving around the sun.
In Italy he assembled an astronomical telescope. He observed that the 4 moons of Jupiter move slowly around that planet.
Englishman who were each devoted himself to understand how truth is determined. They both rejected aristotles scientific assumptions.
Francis bacon and Descartes
Careful, step-by-step process used to confirm findings and to prove or disapprove a hypothesis.
Force that pulls objects in Earth's sphere to the center of the earth.
English chemist who refined the alchemists' view of chemical as basic building blocks.
Devoured the works of the leading scientists of his age. He created the theory on how plants move, created the three Laws of motion, and founded calculus.