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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (65):
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An intellectual movement at the heart of the renaissance that focused on education

Humanism

1

A time of creativity and great change in many different areas- political social economic and cultural

Renaissance

2

Made sketches of nature and of models in his studio, and dissected corpses to learn how bonds Nd muscles work. His painting griped people with realism.

Leonardo

3

An artist who had many talents. Called a "melancholy genius" because his work reflects his many life-long spiritual and artistic struggles.

Michelangelo

4

Widely admires for both his artistic talent and "his sweet and gracious nature" developed his own style of painting that blooded Christian and classical styles.

Raphael

5

The author of "the book of the courtier". It describes the manners, skills, learning, and virtues that a member of the court should have.

Castiglione

6

Wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power.

Machiavelli

7

Looked at real rulers in an age of ruthless power politics

The prince

8

Their worth influence transformed Florence

The Medici

9

Meant to blend beauty with utility and improvement of society.

Social art

10

Created a majestic done for the cathedral in Florence, which he modeled on the Dome of the pantheon. He was multitask enter

Brunelleschi

11

Printed the 1st complete edition of the bible using a printing press with moveable type.

Gutenberg

12

In 1400s she was 1 of the most important Flemish painters. Her portrayals of townspeople as well as religious scenes painted in rich realistic details

Jan Van Eyck

13

1500s Flemish painters who used vibrant colors to portray Livy scenes of peasant life,

Bruegel

14

What nickname did Bruegel earned?

Peasant Bruegel

15

Blended the realistic tradition of Flemish painters like Bruegel with the classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian renaissance

Rubens

16

German painter who was one of the 1st northern artists to be profoundly affected by renaissance Italy.

Albrecht Durer

17

Vernacular

Everyday language of ordinary people.

18

The Dutch priest and humanist who was one o the most important scholars of the age.

Erasmus

19

Erasmus's friend, the English humanist who also pressed for social reform.

Thomas Moore

20

The towering figure of renaissance literature who was a English poet and playwright.

Shakesphere

21

A 3-story, open-air theater could seat 3,000 people and had a stage more than 49 feet wide. Built by shake showed and his company of actors.

The globe theater

22

In 1500s the rennassance in Northern Europe sparked a religious upheaval that affected Christians at all levels of society. Northern Europeans called for church reform eventually release forces that would shatter Christian unity.

Protestant reformation

23

In the Roman Catholic Church, parson for sins committed during a persons life

Indulgences

24

The man who triggered the revolt I the church who was a German monk and professor of theology.

Martin Luther

25

Luther drew up arguments, against indulgences

95 theses

26

Where the priest named johann teteel set up pulpit on the outskirts of the town in 1517

Wittenberg

27

The new holy roman emperor who summoned Luther to the diet at the city of worms

Charles V

28

Assembly of German princes, comes from a Middle English word meaning "a day for a meeting"

Diet

29

Study if subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry,and history, that were thought in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Humanities

30

a florentine who lived in the 1300s, was an early renaissance humanist, poet, ad scholar.

Petrarch

31

A city in the the Tuscany region of northern Italy that was the center of the Italian renaissance.

Florence

32

a person who provided finial support for the arts

Patron

33

Artistic technique used to give paintings and drawings a 3d effect.

Perspective

34

Swiss reformers who challenged the Catholic Church who profoundly affected the direction of the reformation.

John Calvin

35

The idea of that god had long ago determined who would gain salvation

Predestination

36

Swiss city-state which became a Calvinist theocracy in the 1500; today a major city in Switzerland

Geneva

37

Government run but religious leaders.

Theocracy

38

In the 1300s launched a systematic attack against the church, using sermons, and writings to call for change in England.

John wycliff

39

Swiss reformer, a priest, and a admirer of Erasmus. He stressed the importance of the bible and rejected elaborate church rituals.

Zwingli

40

Signed in 1555, allowed eac price to decide which religion- catholic of Lutheran- would be followed in his lands

The peace of Augsburg

41

A subgroup of a major religious group was responsible for the break in the Catholic Church.

Sect

42

Was responsible for the break in the Catholic Church

Henry III

43

Hebert and his Spanish wife's only surviving child

Mary Tudor

44

Appointed as archbishop of the new church. He annulled the King's marriage and married Henry to Anne Boleyn

Thomas Cranmer

45

Elizabeth

Henry and Anne's daughter

46

Canonized

Recognized as a saint

47

Her policies were a compromise between Protestant and catholic practices

Elizabethan Compromise

48

Led by Italian cardinal Carlo borromeo, the council met off and on for almost 20 years.

Council of Trent

49

A Spanish knight raised in the crusading tradition.

Ignatius of Loyola

50

Symbolized renewed. She was born into a wealthy Spanish family, Teresa entered a convent in her youth.

Teresa of Avilla

51

Separate section of a city where members of a minority group forced to live

Ghetto

52

People who thought they were witches

Anabaptist

53

This book was restored by Elizabeth

Book of common prayer

54

A polish scholar who published the revelations of the heavenly spheres produced heliocentric.

Copernicus

55

Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe

Heliocentric

56

Danish astronomer who provided evidence that supported Copernicus's theory. He set up an astronomical observatory.

Tycho Brahe

57

German astronomer and mathematician who used brache's data to calculate the orbits of the plants revolving around the sun.

Kepler

58

In Italy he assembled an astronomical telescope. He observed that the 4 moons of Jupiter move slowly around that planet.

Galileo

59

Englishman who were each devoted himself to understand how truth is determined. They both rejected aristotles scientific assumptions.

Francis bacon and Descartes

60

Careful, step-by-step process used to confirm findings and to prove or disapprove a hypothesis.

Scientific method

61

Force that pulls objects in Earth's sphere to the center of the earth.

Gravity

62

English chemist who refined the alchemists' view of chemical as basic building blocks.

Robert Boyle

63

Devoured the works of the leading scientists of his age. He created the theory on how plants move, created the three Laws of motion, and founded calculus.

Issac newton

64

A branch of mathematics in which calculations are made using special symbolic notions, developed by issac newton.

Calculus