Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (53):
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Clovis

Conquered Gaul and converted them to Christianity

1

Medieval

Middle Ages in Europe

2

Franks

A Germanic tribe that conquered Gaul and neighboring lands in the 400s.

3

Charles Martel

Rallied Frankish warriors at the Battle of Tours and defeated Muslims

4

Battle of Tours

732, Christian warriors triumphed

5

Charlemagne "Charles the Great"

King of Franks, Roman Emperor

6

Magyars

An ethnic group centered in present-day Hungary

7

Vikings

Scandinavian people whose sailors raided Europe from the 700s to the 1100s

8

Dark Ages

Time period in which there was a political, social, and economic decline in Western Europe

9

Gaul

Present-day France

10

Alcuin

A scholar of York who directed the Palace School

11

Aachen

Where Charlemagne revived the glory of Rome

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Pope Leo III

Proclaimed Charlemagne as Emperor of the Romans

13

Scandinavia

A northern region that now includes Norway, Sweden, and Denmark

14

Feudalism

Loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord

15

Vassal

A lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord

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Feudal contract

Exchange of pledges between lords and vassals

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Knight

Mounted warrior

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Fief

An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty

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Tournament

A mock battle in which knights would compete against one another to display fighting skills

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Chivalry

Code of conduct for knights

21

Troubadour

A wandering poet or singer of medieval Europe

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Manor

A lord's estate which included one or more villages and the surrounding lands

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Serf

A peasant bound to the lord's land

24

Siege

When the enemy would surround the castle and wait until the defenders' food ran out and they had to surrender

25

Motte and bailey

Developed in 1800s, tower built on a hill was motte and a courtyard surrounded by a fence was a bailey

26

Catapult

A trebuchet that hurls stones that are 600 lbs 1,000 ft

27

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Queen of Aquitaine, mother of Richard the Lionhearted

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Sacrament

Sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic Church

29

Benedictine Rule

Emphasizes obedience, poverty, and chastity and divides the day into periods of worship, work, and study

30

Secular

Having to do with worldly, rather than religious matters

31

Papal supremacy

The claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers

32

Canon law

Body of laws of a church

33

Excommunication

Exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey church law

34

Interdict

Excommunication of an entire region, town, or kingdom

35

Friar

A medieval European monk who traveled from place to place preaching to the poor

36

St. Francis of Assisi

Patron saint of animals, stressed kindness to all creatures

37

Pilgrimage

The one only way that medieval Christians shows their devotion to their faith

38

Medieval

Middle Ages

39

Baptism

Blessed with holy water

40

Monastery

Convent, place where monks live

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Convent

Monastery, place where nuns live

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Charter

A written document that set out the rights and privileges of a town

43

Capital

Money or wealth used to invest in business or enterprise

44

Partnership

A group of merchants who joined together to finance a large-scale venture that would have been too costly for any individual trader

45

Tenant farmer

Someone who would pay rent to a lord to farm part of the lord's land

46

Middle class

A group of people including merchants, traders, and artisans, whose ranks was between nobles and peasants

47

Guild

An association if merchants or artisans who cooperated to uphold standards of their trade and to protect their economic interest

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Apprentice

A young person learning a trade from a master

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Journeyman

A salaried worker employed by a guild master

50

Hanseatic League

An association to protect their trading interest

51

Flanders

Along with Italy, the two ends if the profitable north-south trade route

52

Geoffrey Chaucer/Canterbury tales

A portrait of Medieval English society