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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Practice test Deck (36)
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1

Which of the following structures is not nervous tissue associated with the spinal cord?

filum terminale

2

The spinal cord of an adult usually ends at __________.

the level of the intervertebral disc between L1 and L2

3

The gray matter of the spinal cord __________.

contains cell bodies of interneurons in the dorsal horns. is a mixture of neuronal cell bodies, non-myelinated axons, dendrites, and neuroglia

4

Lumbar punctures are performed between L3 and L4 or between L4 and L5. To what depth must a needle be inserted to obtain a sample of CSF?

to the depth of the subarachnoid space

5

Damage to the spinal cord that is limited to the descending pathways in the white matter, leaving the spinal cord motor neurons and spinal reflexes intact, resulting in __________ paralysis

spastic

6

The main visceral control center of the body, which regulates many activities of visceral organs, is the __________.

hypothalamus

7

The __________ coordinates body movements and has been recently discovered to play a role in language, problem solving, and task planning.

cerebellum

8

All of the following, except __________, are functions of the medulla oblongata.

formation of memory

9

What is the role of the superior colliculi of the corpora quadrigemina?

They act in visual reflexes.

10

The functions of Broca's area and Wernicke's area are __________ and __________, respectively.

speech production and speech comprehension

11

Every part of the brain that communicates with the cerebral cortex must relay its signals through a nucleus in the __________.

thalamus

12

The __________ secretes melatonin, which helps the body prepare for sleep.

pineal gland

13

Damage to which region of the brain would result in someone being unable to identify an item in his or her pocket by touch alone?

somatosensory association cortex

14

The structure of the limbic system that allows a person to recognize menacing facial expressions and to detect the precise direction of the gaze of someone staring at him or her is the __________.

amygdala

15

cerebral cortex is the adult brain structure for what secondary brain vesicle?

telencephalon

16

thalamus is the adult brain structure for what secondary brain vesicle?

diencephalon

17

brain stem: midbrain is the adult brain structure for what secondary brain vesicle?

mesencephalon

18

a "bridge" that relays nerve impulses: contains the nuclei of cranial nerves V_VII between the cerebrum and cerebellum via the middle cerebellar peduncles

The pons

19

The areas of the cerebral cortex involved with conscious awareness of sensation (general somatic sense, vision, hearing, balance, taste, or smell) occur in all lobes except the __________.

frontal lobe

20

_______ results from endothelial cells in brain capillaries joined entirely by tight junctions, making those capillaries the least permeable: capillaries in the body

The blood_brain barrier

21

Which of the following sequences of sites accurately describes the flow of cerebral spinal fluid, after it leaves the lateral ventricles?

interventricular foramen; third ventricle; cerebral aqueduct; fourth ventricle; median and lateral apertures; subarachnoid// space; arachnoid granulation; superior

22

The function of arachnoid granulations is to __________.

act as valves that allow CSF to pass from the subarachnoid space into the dural blood sinuses

23

Basal Nuclei

modulate movement in conjunction with the cerebral cortex

24

Forebrain Basal Nuclei

play a role in learning and memory; synthesize and release acetylcholine

25

Corpus Callosum

connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres

26

Posterior association Area

integrates input from somatic sensory, visual, and auditory association areas; contributes to language comprehension and analysis

27

Anterior association area

integrates input from other association areas to plan and initiate motor responses; performs cognitive functions (for example, remembering information)

28

Reticular Formation

governs arousal of brain as a whole; maintains consciousness and alertness

29

allows one to shift between thoughts and express emotions through gestures.

cingulate gyrus

30

__________ disease is characterized by slow, jerky movements, tremors, and great difficulty in initiating voluntary movements; it results from degeneration of a portion of the substantia nigra, or nigro-striatal dopamine pathway.

Parkinson's,