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Flashcards in Chapter 20 Practice test Deck (39)
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1

range from 1 cm to 0.3 mm in diameter and supply groups of organs, individual organs, and parts of organs

Muscular arteries

2

The fallowing are function sod what? removal of nitrogenous wastes from the body, in the kidneys and exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs and receiving digested nutrients in the small intestine and picking up hormones from endocrine glands

Site-specific capillaries

3

In fetal circulation, __________ shunt blood away from pulmonary circulation.

the ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale

4

When cross-sections of several different types of arteries are examined under a microscope, muscular arteries can be distinguished by the presence of __________.

a thicker tunica media relative to the size of the artery, and both an internal and an external elastic lamina

5

Larger __________ are the smallest type of blood vessel to contain all three tunics.

arterioles

6

__________ veins are the only veins that carry oxygenated blood.

pulmonary

7

__________ are wide, leaky capillaries that occur in regions where there is exchange of large materials, such as proteins or cells, between blood and tissue.

sinusoids

8

The arteries most directly supplying the occipital lobes and inferior and middle temporal lobes are the __________.

posterior cerebral arteries

9

occur where there are high rates of exchange of small molecules between blood and tissue fluid
and have "pores" that span the endothelial cells

Fenestrated capillaries

10

A saclike widening and weakening along an artery is a/an __________.

Aneurysm

11

are small vessels within the tunica externa of large arteries and veins

Vasa vasorum

12

The first capillary bed of the hepatic portal system is located in the __________, and the second capillary bed is located in the __________.

stomach and intestines / liver

13

The __________ vein ascends along the center of the thoracic vertebral bodies (inside the thoracic cavity) and joins the superior vena cava at the level of T4.

azygos

14

The inferior phrenic artery supplies the inferior surface of the __________.

diaphragm

15

pectoralis muscles and deltoid muscle:artery

thoracoacromial artery

16

anterior arm muscles:artery

brachial artery

17

lateral anterior forearm muscles:artery

radial artery

18

latissimus dorsi muscle; dorsal and ventral scapular regions:artery

subscapular artery

19

breast artery

lateral thoracic artery

20

fingers artery

digital arteries

21

A blockage in the external iliac artery would impair blood flow to the __________.

muscles of the thigh and leg

22

If capillaries fail to develop in a certain location, this condition is called an __________.

arteriovenous malformation

23

Veins entering the right atrium include the __________.

superior and inferior venae cavae and the coronary sinus

24

ascends through the anterolateral side of the arm and ends inferior to the clavicle, where it joints the axillary vein

The cephalic vein is a superficial vein

25

Methods by which veins counteract low venous pressure and help move the blood back to the heart include __________.

valves and the skeletal muscle pump

26

liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and stomach

celiac trunk

27

most of the small intestines and proximal half of the large intestine
:artery

superior mesenteric artery

28

adrenal glands :artery

suprarenal arteries

29

distal half of the large intestine :artery

inferior mesenteric artery

30

kidneys :artery

renal arteries