Chapter 13 Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP WORLD HISTORY > Chapter 13 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Vocab Deck (39):
0

Hajj

A holy pilgrimage to Mecca

1

Bedouin

people organized into tribes located in the Arabian peninsula

2

Muhammad

The founder and a prophet of Islam

3

Khadija

The first wife of Muhammad

4

Allah

The only god of Islam

5

Quran

A holy book of Islam

6

Hadith

Another holy Islamic book that contains sayings attributed to Muhammad

7

Ka'ba

A building that houses a shrine of Allah

8

Hijra

The spiritual journey of the prophet Muhammad

9

Umma

The Islamic community and nation

10

Seal of the prophets

Muhammad who is the last and final prophet who would receive visions from Allah

11

Five pillars of Islam

1- acknowledge Allah and Muhammad as his prophet
2- pray daily to Allah facing Mecca
3- fast during the day hours of Ramadan
4- contribute to alms for the weak and the poor
5- if they are able make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca

12

Sharia

The holy Islamic law

13

Abu Bakr

Muhammad's successor

14

Caliph

Lieutenants or substitutes for Muhammad

15

Expansion of Islam

Ranged from Arabia to other territories

16

Shia (Shi'ites)

Muslims that acknowledge Ali and his descendants

17

Ali

The fourth caliph of Islam

18

Sunnis

Muslims that don't accept the appointment of Ali

19

Umayyad Dynasty

The dynasty that came to rule Islamic lands from 661-750 C E

20

Jizya

A special tax that allowed people to observe their own religions

21

Abbasid dynasty

The dynasty that seized power from the Umayyads

22

Battle of talas river

The Abbasids defeated a Chinese army, which stopped the expansion of the Tang Dynasty

23

Baghdad

The Abbasids new capital

24

Ulama

Learned officials

25

Qadis

Judges

26

Harun Al-Rashid

A caliph of Baghdad

27

Sultan

A noble who was over a certain area

28

Camel caravans

Trade transportation across Arabia

29

Sakk/check

A type if paper money invented for trade

30

Al-Andalus

Muslim Spain

31

Veiling of women

The expansion of Islam into the Byzantine and Sasanid empires caused social and family pressures of women to be modest

32

Madrassas

Institutions of higher education

33

Sufis

Islamic mystics

34

Al-ghazi

An Islamic theologian

35

Omar Khayyan, Rubaiyat

An Islamic philosopher

36

The Arabian nights

A book containing stories

37

Ibn Rushd

A philosopher

38

Mecca

A holy Islamic city