Chapter 23 Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP WORLD HISTORY > Chapter 23 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 23 Vocab Deck (39):
0

Martin Luther

A man who had complaints against the Catholic Church and therefore created a new religion

1

95 Theses

Martin Luther's book of complaints against the Catholic Church

2

Pope Leo X

The pope who started the reformation of the Catholic Church

3

Protestant reformation

Reformation of the Protestant Church

4

Henry VIII

The creator of the Church of England

5

John Calvin

The creator of Calvinism

6

Council of Trent

A council used to aid the Catholic Church through its reformation

7

St. Ignatius Loyola , society of Jesus

A group if missionaries who dedicated themselves to knowing every ounce of Catholic doctrine

8

Witch Hunts

Hunts for witches were mostly against single women widowed women or old women

9

Phillip II (Spanish armada)

The king of Spain who strived to force England to return to the catholic church

10

Thirty years war

A war between Catholics and Protestants

11

Emperor Charles V

ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516

12

Spanish Inquisition

Spanish discrimination of Muslim and Catholics who they believe truly weren't catholic

13

English civil war

A war between Charles the first and parliament

14

Glorious revolution

The replacement if James II with his daughter Mary

15

Dutch Republic

The government of the Netherlands and it's surrounding area

16

Absolute monarchs

Monarchs who controlled every single affair for the state

17

Cardinal Richelieu

A cardinal and statesman and established the catholic academie in France

18

Louis XIV, the sun king

A French king who built his palace at Versailles

19

Versailles

King Louis the XIVs palace

20

Mercantilism

Belief in the process of trading

21

Peter the great

Tsar of Russia who modernized the Russian military

22

Catherine the great

Tsar who continued Peter the greats work

23

Peace of Westphalia

The treaty that ended the thirty years war

24

Seven years war

a world war that took place between 1754 and 1763 with the main conflict being in the seven-year period 1756–1763. I

25

Capitalism

An economic system in which profits go to private operations

26

Urbanization

The process of a city or state moving from only agricultural society to industrial society

27

Putting out system

Sending out manufactured goods to be finished in a rural household

28

Adam Smith

A Scottish economist

29

Ptolemy

Said that the earth was the center of the universe

30

Nicolas Copernicus

First to say that the sun was the center of the universe

31

Galileo Galilei

Discovered that there wasn't perfection in the spherical shapes of planets

32

Issac Newton

Discovered gravity

33

The enlightenment

A time period in which there were many advancements in math and science

34

John Locke

An English philosopher

35

Baron de Montesquieu

A French political thinker

36

Philosophes

Philosophers

37

Voltaire

A French writer and poet a leader of the enlightenment

38

Deism

The belief that good exists and is an observer in a persons life