Chapter 21 Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP WORLD HISTORY > Chapter 21 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 21 Vocab Deck (26):
0

Ibn Battuta

A Moroccan Muslim scholar and traveler

1

Marco Polo

An Italian jewel merchant who traveled to China

2

John of Montecorvino

an Italian Franciscan missionary, traveler and statesman

3

Gunpowder

Invented in China original invented to bring forth immortal life

4

Little ice age

The period from 1400 to 1800 in which global temperatures decreased and crops were scarce

5

Bubonic plague/ Black Death

A plague that rapidly decreased the population of Europe and was spread by rats

6

Ming dynasty

The brilliant dynasty that brought back traditional Chinese cultures

7

Hongwu

The founder of the Ming dynasty

8

Mandarins

public official in the Chinese Empire of any of nine superior grades

9

Hundred Years' War

A war between England and France over Frances rightful ruler

10

Ferdinand and Isabella

The King and Queen of Spain during Christopher Columbus's exploration in 1492

11

Ivan III (The Great)

The duke who set the foundation of the unification of Russia

12

Tsar

An emperor of Russia

13

Renaissance

New birth a period in which technological and scientific advances became prominent

14

Leonardo da Vinci

A scientist responsible for human anatomy and an artist

15

Michelangelo Buonarroti

An Italian painter sculptor and architect

16

Humanist

A belief or thought that humans were more important than a divine or supernatural power

17

Desiderious Erasmus of Rotterdam

One of the most prominent Dutch humanists

18

Petrarch

An Italian poet

19

Pico Della Mirandola

An Italian philosopher in the renaissance time

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Zheng He

A Chinese explorer and traveler

21

Prince Henry the Navigator

The prince of Portugal who made maps

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Madeira and the Azores

Portuguese colonies that died off due to over population

23

Bartolomeu Dias

A Portuguese navigator that was the first to sail around the cape of good hope

24

Vasco de Gama

The first Portuguese navigator the make it to India

25

Christopher Columbus

A navigator who thought that he had sailed to Indian and is credited with finding America