Chapter 19 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Vocab Deck (32):
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High Middle Ages

The time period in Europe spanning from the 1000s to the 1300s

1

Battle of Manzikert

A battle between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Turks

2

Otto 1

The founder of the HRE

3

Holy Roman Empire

a multi-ethnic and complex union of territories in Central Europe existing from 962 to 1806.

4

Investiture Contest

A contest between the popes and the emperors for control of the clergy

5

Pope Gregory the 8

The pope who excommunicated the emperor and in turn was excommunicated

6

Emperor Henry the 4

The emperor who excommunicated the pope and in turn was excommunicated

7

Frederick 1 Barbarossa

Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190; conceded supremacy to the pope

8

Hugh Capet

King of the Franks

9

William duke of Normandy/ William the conquerer

The king of Normandy who later conquered England

10

Papal States

States ruled by the pope

11

Kingdom of Naples

The kingdom that encompassed the southern part of Italy

12

Castile, Aragon, Portugal

The three kingdoms that encompassed Spain and Portugal

13

Granada

A medieval kingdom along the Mediterranean

14

Hanseatic League

A trading league across the northern part of Europe and Scandinavia

15

Those who pray

People who were monks or nuns

16

Those who fight

Knights

17

Those who work

Peasants and merchants

18

Chivalry

The social, moral code respected by knights

19

Troubadours

A group of entertainers

20

Eleanor of Aquitaine

A Patron of troubadours

21

Guilds

Groups divided into certain fields/subjects

22

Cathedral Schools

Schools that started off as educational guilds that were located in cathedrals

23

Universities

Guilds that often got a merit or permit to teach in cities

24

St. Thomas Aquinas

A medieval scholar

25

Popular religion

Invoked saints to protect you and be your mediator and pilgrimages

26

St. Dominic and St. Francis

The creators of friars made the church steer towards less materialistic views

27

Eric the Red

The founder of Iceland and Greenland

28

Leif Ericsson

The founder of Canada

29

Reconquista

To reconquer

30

1st crusade

The first war sent to the holy land to try to take it under Christian control

31

4th crusade

The crusade that ended up taking over and ruining Constantinople