Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

CD 558 Final Exam > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

Label the main neural regions associated with the Wernicke-Geschwind model of language processing:

1.  ___________________

2. ___________________

3. ___________________

4. ___________________

5. ___________________

 

 

1. Supramarginal Gyrus

2. Angular Gyrus

3. Wernicke's Area

4. Heschl's Gyrus

5. Broca's Area

2

 

 

The Wernicke-Geschwind Model is broken down into 3 forms of pathways:

*hint: A.C.V.R.

 

 

pathways associated with auditory comprehension, pathways associated with visual comprehension, and pathways for reading

3

 

 

Heard words are processed along the ________ pathways to the ________ (Heschl's Gyrus) where cortical processing of auditory input is processed.

 

 

 

auditor pathways; primary auditory cortex

4

 

 

After the auditory input has passed through the auditory pathways and through Heschl's Gyrus, information is then sent to ________ where words are recognized and connection to their meaning begins.

 

 

Wernicke's Area

*auditory information is first processed in cortex in Heschl's Gyrus in the superior temporal gyrus (sound discrimination occurs).

5

 

 

Word meanings are sent from ______ via the ______ to _______.

*starts at area where word meaning is associated, then travels through a pathway that leads to the front of the brain*

 

 

 

Wernicke's Area; Arcuate Fasciculus; Broca's Area

6

 

 

 

It is here where words are converted to a code for muscular movements of speech.

 

 

 

Broca's Area

 

7

 

 

Output from Broca's Area is then sent to the _______ regions in which controls the movement of muscles involved in the production of speech.

 

 

Primary Motor Cortex

8

 

 

The visual information taken from written words is sent from visual areas in the ______ to the _______

*hint: where in the cortex is it dedicated to visual sensory input*

 

 

occipital lobe; Angular Gyrus

9

 

 

 

Motor representations for phonemes are stored in regions associated with _______.

 

 

motor output (Broca's Area)

*supported by links to the inferior premotor and motor cortex from Broca's Area*

10

 

 

 

Auditory representations of a phoneme are likely to be found in ______.

 

 

 

auditory association cortex (near Heschl's Gyrus)

11

 

 

 

Visual representations are supported by links to _________.

 

 

 

(inferior) visual association areas 

*make up part of the ventral "what" stream of visual processing*

12

 

 

 

This area is in charge of sequencing motor patterns for the production of phonemes and their combinations.

 

 

 

Broca's Area

 

13

 

 

 

The anterior (pars triangularis) and ventral (pars orbitalis) portions of Broca's Area are involved in _______

 

 

 

Semantic Processing

14

 

 

 

The _____ (pars opercularis) portion of Broca's Area appears to be engaged in both ______ and ______ processing

 

 

 

posterior; syntactic; phonological 

15

This area is in charge of oral language comprehension and formulation of linguistic concepts:

A.) Broca's Area

B.) Heschl's Gyrus

C.) Wernicke's Area

D.) Angular Gyrus

E.) None of the above

 

 

 

C - Wernicke's Area

16

 

 

 

The _____ (especially the left) is involved with functions of reading.

*hint: a lesion here will cause alexia

 

 

 

Angular Gyrus

*location: parietal lobe - association cortex

17

 

 

The ____ is involved with writing.

*hint: lesion here will cause agraphia

 

 

Supramarginal Gyrus

18

 

The right hemisphere is in involved in the following:

A.) Visuospatial processing

B.) Integration of different types of stimuli

C.) Attending to left side of space

D.) Attention in general

E.) All of the above

 

 

E - all of the above

hint: V.I.A.A.

visuospatial processing, integration of different types of stimuli, attending to left side of space, and attention in general

19

 

 

 

Some of the deficits present for individuals with RHD (Right Hemisphere Damage) are:

Hint: D.P.D.C.I.

 

discourse production - stories go off topic or end abruptly/vague referrents

discourse comprehension - incorrect inferrences/conclusion

Interpreting (Pragmatics) - have trouble catching on to hints/may not soften requests

20

 

 

 

Individuals with this cannot modulate vocal intonation 

hint: can't produce sarcasm as well

 

 

 

Expressive Aprosodia

21

 

 

 

Individuals with this can't interpret emotions or intentions from other people's voices.

*hint: you're not being very perceptive

 

 

 

Receptive Aprosodia

22

 

 

 

Individuals who say inappropriate things at the wrong time and place are said to have problems in ________

hint: no filter

 

 

 

Social Communication