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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (22)
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Label the main neural regions associated with the Wernicke-Geschwind model of language processing:

1.  ___________________

2. ___________________

3. ___________________

4. ___________________

5. ___________________



1. Supramarginal Gyrus

2. Angular Gyrus

3. Wernicke's Area

4. Heschl's Gyrus

5. Broca's Area




The Wernicke-Geschwind Model is broken down into 3 forms of pathways:

*hint: A.C.V.R.



pathways associated with auditory comprehension, pathways associated with visual comprehension, and pathways for reading




Heard words are processed along the ________ pathways to the ________ (Heschl's Gyrus) where cortical processing of auditory input is processed.




auditor pathways; primary auditory cortex




After the auditory input has passed through the auditory pathways and through Heschl's Gyrus, information is then sent to ________ where words are recognized and connection to their meaning begins.



Wernicke's Area

*auditory information is first processed in cortex in Heschl's Gyrus in the superior temporal gyrus (sound discrimination occurs).




Word meanings are sent from ______ via the ______ to _______.

*starts at area where word meaning is associated, then travels through a pathway that leads to the front of the brain*




Wernicke's Area; Arcuate Fasciculus; Broca's Area





It is here where words are converted to a code for muscular movements of speech.




Broca's Area





Output from Broca's Area is then sent to the _______ regions in which controls the movement of muscles involved in the production of speech.



Primary Motor Cortex




The visual information taken from written words is sent from visual areas in the ______ to the _______

*hint: where in the cortex is it dedicated to visual sensory input*



occipital lobe; Angular Gyrus





Motor representations for phonemes are stored in regions associated with _______.



motor output (Broca's Area)

*supported by links to the inferior premotor and motor cortex from Broca's Area*





Auditory representations of a phoneme are likely to be found in ______.




auditory association cortex (near Heschl's Gyrus)





Visual representations are supported by links to _________.




(inferior) visual association areas 

*make up part of the ventral "what" stream of visual processing*





This area is in charge of sequencing motor patterns for the production of phonemes and their combinations.




Broca's Area






The anterior (pars triangularis) and ventral (pars orbitalis) portions of Broca's Area are involved in _______




Semantic Processing





The _____ (pars opercularis) portion of Broca's Area appears to be engaged in both ______ and ______ processing




posterior; syntactic; phonological 


This area is in charge of oral language comprehension and formulation of linguistic concepts:

A.) Broca's Area

B.) Heschl's Gyrus

C.) Wernicke's Area

D.) Angular Gyrus

E.) None of the above




C - Wernicke's Area





The _____ (especially the left) is involved with functions of reading.

*hint: a lesion here will cause alexia




Angular Gyrus

*location: parietal lobe - association cortex




The ____ is involved with writing.

*hint: lesion here will cause agraphia



Supramarginal Gyrus



The right hemisphere is in involved in the following:

A.) Visuospatial processing

B.) Integration of different types of stimuli

C.) Attending to left side of space

D.) Attention in general

E.) All of the above



E - all of the above

hint: V.I.A.A.

visuospatial processing, integration of different types of stimuli, attending to left side of space, and attention in general





Some of the deficits present for individuals with RHD (Right Hemisphere Damage) are:

Hint: D.P.D.C.I.


discourse production - stories go off topic or end abruptly/vague referrents

discourse comprehension - incorrect inferrences/conclusion

Interpreting (Pragmatics) - have trouble catching on to hints/may not soften requests





Individuals with this cannot modulate vocal intonation 

hint: can't produce sarcasm as well




Expressive Aprosodia





Individuals with this can't interpret emotions or intentions from other people's voices.

*hint: you're not being very perceptive




Receptive Aprosodia





Individuals who say inappropriate things at the wrong time and place are said to have problems in ________

hint: no filter




Social Communication