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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (26)
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1

"[T]he Constitution. . .is not a static but rather a living document, and must be read in the context of an ever-changing world. "

Barack Obama

2

"[The Constitution] should mean exactly what it was intended to mean when it adopted, nothing more, nothing less. "

Antonio Scalia

3

"Upon these two foundations, the law of nature and the law of revelation, depend all human laws; that is to say, no human laws should be suffered [allowed] to contradict these."

William Blackstone

4

The prior authoritative court rulings upon which law is based.

Precedents

5

This term means the revelation of God's law through scripture

Revealed law

6

This term means conformity to God's divine character as revealed in the bible

Justice

7

To whom did English common law apply

The whole kingdom

8

The name given to a judicial system that has both state courts and federal courts

Judicial federalism

9

This term means the right of a court to hear a case first

Original Jurisdiction

10

In most states, this type of jury indicts, or charges, accused criminals

Grand jury

11

In most states, this type of jury hears cases and decides their outcomes

Petit (trial) jury

12

Their session begins on the first Monday in October

Supreme Court

13

They was responsible for the compilation of the Corpus Juris Civilis

Justinian

14

The term for making judicial decisions based on previous rulings

Stare decisis

15

The most famous ancient collection of laws

Code of Hammurabi

16

The first codification of Roman law

Law of the twelve tables

17

He wrote the commentaries on the laws of England

William Blackstone

18

This established the system of federal courts

The judiciary act of 1789

19

This Chief Justice brought strength and prestige to the Supreme Court

John Marshall

20

Supreme Court case gave the court the power of judicial review

Marbury vs. Madison

21

This Supreme Court case ruled that it is illegal for states to tax federal agencies

McCulloch vs. Maryland

22

This Supreme Court case made abortion legal

Roe vs. Wade

23

This Supreme Court case decided the presidential election of 2000

Bush vs Gore

24

This Supreme Court case ruled segregation illegal in schools

Brown vs Board of Education

25

This Supreme Court case ruling requires that suspected criminals be informed of their legal rights

Miranda vs. Arizona

26

How many Justices sit on the US Supreme Court today

9