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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (23)
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1

This Supreme Court case established the "clear and present danger test" limitation on free speech

Schenk v. United States

2

What rule was designed to prevent police from making illegal searches and seizures?

Exclusionary Rule

3

Which Supreme Court case ruled that evidence gathered illegally is inadmissible in court?

Mapp v. Ohio

4

This Supreme Court case forbade teacher-led prayers in public schools

Engel v. Vitale

5

What term means speech that endangers national security?

Sedition

6

Which Supreme Court case determined that defendants must be advised of their constitutional rights upon arrest?

Miranda v. Arizona

7

Which Supreme Court case ruled that segregation in schools was unconstitutional?

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

8

This Supreme Court case established the threefold test for scrutinizing church-state relations

Lemon v. Kurtzman

9

In the Fifth Amendment, what term means the conducting of a fair and proper trial?

Due Process

10

This Supreme Court case forbade the practice of polygamy

Reynolds v. United States

11

On what grounds did the Nixon administration attempt to prevent the publication of the Pentagon Papers?

National Security

12

This Supreme Court case ruled that flag burning is protected as symbolic speech

Texas v. Johnson

13

What term means attempts to undermine the authority and existence of the government?

Subversion

14

This Supreme Court case ruled that attacks on public officials are protected speech unless they are made with "reckless disregard" for the truth

New York Times v. Sullivan

15

What term means laws that criminalize activities that were not crimes when they were committed?

Ex Post Facto Laws

16

This Supreme Court case upheld the Smith Act, which made it illegal to advocate the violent overthrow of the government

Denis v. United States

17

This Supreme Court case ruled that states are subject to the Second Amendment

McDonald v. Chicago

18

This Supreme Court case upheld the right of individuals to possess firearms for self-defense in their homes

District of Columbia v. Heller

19

This Supreme Court case ruled that the government does not necessarily have the right of prior restraint

New York Times Company v. United States

20

Libel is any _______ communication that is malicious.

Written

21

What amendment protects Americans from self-incrimination?

Fifth Amendment

24

Describe the rights and responsibilities included in the Miranda rights statement

Right to remain silent
Right to have an attorney
Right to end police questioning whenever he chooses
If he chooses to speak it can be used against him

25

Identify and explain the steps of the criminal justice process from arrest to sentencing

1. Arrest
2. Booking- the suspect is photographed and fingerprinted and his personal information is recorded
3. Initial Appearance- the accused meets with a magistrate within hours to hear the charges and be reminded of his rights to be considered
4. Preliminary Hearing- judge determines if there's enough evidence to continue judicial process
5. Grand Jury- a grand jury hears evidence and decides whether to issue an indictment trial
6. Arraignment- accused appears in trial court and judge reads indictment trial
7. Trial
8. Sentencing (if guilty)- judge decides what punishment the convicted person will receive