Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (23)
This Supreme Court case established the "clear and present danger test" limitation on free speech
Schenk v. United States
What rule was designed to prevent police from making illegal searches and seizures?
Which Supreme Court case ruled that evidence gathered illegally is inadmissible in court?
Mapp v. Ohio
This Supreme Court case forbade teacher-led prayers in public schools
Engel v. Vitale
What term means speech that endangers national security?
Which Supreme Court case determined that defendants must be advised of their constitutional rights upon arrest?
Miranda v. Arizona
Which Supreme Court case ruled that segregation in schools was unconstitutional?
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
This Supreme Court case established the threefold test for scrutinizing church-state relations
Lemon v. Kurtzman
In the Fifth Amendment, what term means the conducting of a fair and proper trial?
This Supreme Court case forbade the practice of polygamy
Reynolds v. United States
On what grounds did the Nixon administration attempt to prevent the publication of the Pentagon Papers?
This Supreme Court case ruled that flag burning is protected as symbolic speech
Texas v. Johnson
What term means attempts to undermine the authority and existence of the government?
This Supreme Court case ruled that attacks on public officials are protected speech unless they are made with "reckless disregard" for the truth
New York Times v. Sullivan
What term means laws that criminalize activities that were not crimes when they were committed?
Ex Post Facto Laws
This Supreme Court case upheld the Smith Act, which made it illegal to advocate the violent overthrow of the government
Denis v. United States
This Supreme Court case ruled that states are subject to the Second Amendment
McDonald v. Chicago
This Supreme Court case upheld the right of individuals to possess firearms for self-defense in their homes
District of Columbia v. Heller
This Supreme Court case ruled that the government does not necessarily have the right of prior restraint
New York Times Company v. United States
Libel is any _______ communication that is malicious.
What amendment protects Americans from self-incrimination?
Describe the rights and responsibilities included in the Miranda rights statement
Right to remain silent
Right to have an attorney
Right to end police questioning whenever he chooses
If he chooses to speak it can be used against him