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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (26)
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1

This amendment abolished slavery

Thirteenth Amendment

2

This amendment gave eighteen-year-olds the vote

Twenty sixth amendment

3

This amendment guarantees freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition

First amendment

4

This amendment limits the president to two terms or no more than ten years in office

Twenty second amendment

5

This amendment provides the clearest constitutional statement of the principle of federalism

Tenth amendment

6

This amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment

Eighth amendment

7

This amendment guarantees the right to bear arms

Second amendment

8

This amendment gave women the right to vote

Nineteenth amendment

9

Defaming a person in writing

Libel

10

The first ten amendments

Bill of rights

11

Drawing district lines to benefit one group or party over another

Gerrymandering

12

An official who is still in office but who was not reelected

Lame Duck

13

Supreme Court case expanded the third and fourth amendments to imply a right to privacy as one of American citizens' fundamental rights

Griswald v. Connecticut

14

President broke the two term precedent set by George Washington

Franklin

15

Article of the Constitution makes provision for amending the document

Article V

16

Only amendment to the Constitution to be ratified by state conventions

Twenty first amendment

17

Supreme Court case established the right of judicial review

Marbury v. Madison

18

The idea that the people are the ultimate source of their government's power

Popular Sovereignty

19

Branch of government makes the laws

Legislative

20

The right to vote

Franchise

21

What are the two ways constitutional amendments can be proposed?

By 2/3rds vote from both the House of Congress or National Convention called by 2/3rds of states

22

Who as the first Vice President to assume the presidency after the death of a president

John Tyler

23

Who is the head of the Senate and when does that person vote?

Vice President, when there is a tie

24

What happens when the president does not sign a bill within ten days of receiving it and Congress adjourns within that time?

Pocket Veto

25

List and define the six basic principles of the constitution

(1) limited government-Government is limited to only those powers given it by the people through law.
(2) separation of powers-division of power into separate, but not independent, branches
(3) checks and balances-ability of one branch to prevent the other branches from becoming too powerful
(4) judicial review-power of the judicial branch to review the constitutionality of laws passed by the legislative branch
(5) federalism-division of power between national and state levels of government
(6) popular sovereignty-The people are the ultimate source of their government’s authority.

26

Describe how each of the three branches of government checks and balances the others.

(a) Executive checks judicial by appointing judges and granting pardons and checks the legislature by suggesting legislation, vetoing bills, and calling special sessions of Congress.
(b) Judicial checks the executive by ruling on the constitutionality of presidential actions and interpreting treaties and checks the legislature by ruling on the constitutionality of legislative actions and interpreting treaties and laws.
(c) Legislative checks the executive by approving treaties and presidential appointments, overriding vetoes, and impeaching and removing officials, including the president, and checks the judiciary by impeaching judges, establishing lower courts, regulating appeals, and setting the number of justices on the Supreme Court.