Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (18):
interpretation of the Bible regarding the creation of humanity and the universe, used to argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific fact.
A large, organized religion that is not officially linked to the state or government.
religious organization that claims to include most or all members of a society and is recognized as the national or official religion.
religious group that is the outgrowth of a sect, yet remains isolated from society.
emphasis on doctrinal conformity and the literal interpretation of sacred texts.
idea that life is so complex that it could only have been created by intelligent design.
use of a church, primarily Roman Catholic, in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination, and other forms of injustice from a secular society.
New religious movement or cult
small, secretive religious group that represents either a new religion or a major innovation of an existing faith.
ordinary and commonplace elements of life, as distinguished from the sacred.
Max Weber's term for the disciplined work ethic, this-worldly concerns, and rational orientation to life emphasized by John Calvin and his followers.
scholarly category that includes organizations that may see themselves as religious but are seen by others as "sort of religious".
unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things.
statement to which members of a particular religion adhere.
feeling or perception of being in direct contact with the ultimate reality, such as a divine being, or of being overcome with religious emotion.
practice required or expected of members of a faith.
Elements beyond everyday life that inspire awe, respect, and even fear.
small religious group that has broken away from some other religious organization to renew what it considers the original vision of the faith.