Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (18):
1

Creationism

interpretation of the Bible regarding the creation of humanity and the universe, used to argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific fact.

2

Denomination

A large, organized religion that is not officially linked to the state or government.

3

Ecclesia

religious organization that claims to include most or all members of a society and is recognized as the national or official religion.

4

Established sect

religious group that is the outgrowth of a sect, yet remains isolated from society.

5

Fundamentalism

emphasis on doctrinal conformity and the literal interpretation of sacred texts.

6

Intelligent design

idea that life is so complex that it could only have been created by intelligent design.

7

Liberation theology

use of a church, primarily Roman Catholic, in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination, and other forms of injustice from a secular society.

8

New religious movement or cult

small, secretive religious group that represents either a new religion or a major innovation of an existing faith.

9

Profane

ordinary and commonplace elements of life, as distinguished from the sacred.

10

Protestant ethic

Max Weber's term for the disciplined work ethic, this-worldly concerns, and rational orientation to life emphasized by John Calvin and his followers.

11

Quasi-religion

scholarly category that includes organizations that may see themselves as religious but are seen by others as "sort of religious".

12

Religion

unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things.

13

Religion belief

statement to which members of a particular religion adhere.

14

Religious experience

feeling or perception of being in direct contact with the ultimate reality, such as a divine being, or of being overcome with religious emotion.

15

Religious ritual

practice required or expected of members of a faith.

16

Sacred

Elements beyond everyday life that inspire awe, respect, and even fear.

17

Sect

small religious group that has broken away from some other religious organization to renew what it considers the original vision of the faith.

18

Secularization

process through which religion's influence on other social institutions diminishes.