Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (22):
1

Authority

institutionalized power that is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised

2

Charismatic authority

power made legitimate by a leader's exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers.

3

Democracy

in a literal sense, government by the people.

4

Dictatorship

government in which one person has nearly total power to make and enforce laws.

5

Elite model

view of society as being ruled by a small group of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interests.

6

Force

actual or threatened use of coercion to impose one's will on others.

7

Influence

exercise of power through a process of persuasion

8

Monarchy

a form of government headed by a single member of a royal family, usually a king, queen, or some other hereditary ruler.

9

Oligarchy

form of government in which a few individuals rule.

10

Peace

absence of war, or more broadly, a proactive effort to develop cooperative relations among nations.

11

Pluralist model

view of society in which many competing groups within the community have access to government, so that no single group is dominant.

12

Political system

social institution that is founded on a recognized set of procedures for implementing and achieving society's goals.

13

Politics

Harold Lasswell's words, "who gets what, when, and how."

14

Power

ability to exercise one's will over others.

15

Power elite

small group of military, industrial, and government leaders who control the fate of the United States.

16

Rational-legal authority

Power made legitimate by law.

17

Representative democracy

form of government in which certain individuals are selected to speak for the people.

18

Sovereignty movement

Effort by the indigenous people of Hawai'i to win self-government, as well as the restoration of-or compensation for- their ancestral lands.

19

Terrorism

use of threat of violence against random or symbolic targets in pursuit of political aims.

20

Totalitarianism

virtually complete government control and surveillance over all aspects of a society's social and political life.

21

Traditional authority

Legitimate power conferred by custom and accepted practice.

22

War

Conflict between organizations that possess trained combat forces equipped with deadly weapons.