Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (17):
positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities.
A condition of estrangement or dissociation from the surrounding society.
economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits.
use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo
economic system under which all property is communally owned and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people's ability to produce.
viewing of people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture.
systematic, widespread withdrawal of investment in basic aspects of productivity, such as factories and plants.
Reductions taken in a company's workforce as part of deindustrialization.
social institution through which goods and services are produced, distributed, and consumed.
movement in which consumers in industrialized countries voluntarily pay above-market prices for certain foods so that the workers who plant, pick, and pack the crops can receive higher wages.
society that depends on mechanization to produce its goods and services.
transfers of money, goods, or services that are not reported to the government.
form of capitalism under which people compete freely, with minimal government intervention in the economy.
lending small sums of money to the poor so they can work their way out of poverty.
Control of a market by a single business firm.
transfer of work to foreign contractors.