Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Sexually Transmitted Infections Deck (47):
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Infections that can be communicated through sexual contact.
One-celled microorganisms that have no chlorophyll and can give rise to many illnesses.
An STI caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium and characterized by a discharge and burning urination.
A gonorrheal infection that is characterized by a sore throat.
A gonorrheal infection of the eyes of newborn children who contract the disease by passing through an infected birth canal.
Inflammation of the cervix.
Inflammation of the epididymis.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Inflammation of the pelvic region; symptoms are abdominal pain, tenderness, nausea, fever, and irregular menstrual cycles; PID may lead to infertility.
An STI that is caused by the Treponema palladium bacterium, which may progress through several stages of development from a chancre to a rash to damage vital body systems.
A syphilis infection that is present at birth.
A sore or ulcer.
Syphilitic infection of the central nervous system, which can cause brain damage and death.
A progressive form of mental illness caused by neurosyphilis and characterized by gross confusion.
Names after the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory, a test for the presence of antibodies to Treponema pallidum in the blood.
Specialized proteins that are produced by the white blood cells of the immune storm in response to disease organisms and other toxic substances, and that recognize and attack the invading organisms or substances.
An STI caused by the Hemophilis ducreyi bacterium. Also called soft chancre.
An STI caused by the Shigella bacterium.
A tropical STI caused by the Calymmatobacterium granulomatous bacterium.
A disease characterized by enlargement of parts of the body, especially the legs and genitals, and by hardening and ulceration of the surrounding skin.
Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
A tropical STI caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.
Any type of vaginal infection or inflammation.
A form of vaginitis usually caused by the Gardnerella vaginalis bacterium.
A form of vaginitis caused by a yeastlike fungus, Candida albicans.
A form of vaginitis caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
A sexually transmitted virus that destroys while blood cells in the immune system, leaving the body vulnerable to life threatening diseases.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
A condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and characterized by destruction of the immune system so that the body is stripped of its ability to fend off life-threatening diseases.
A term for the body's complex of mechanisms for protecting itself from disease-causing agents such as pathogens.
An agent, especially a microorganism, that can cause a disease.
White blood cells that are essential to the body's defense against infection.
A protein, toxin, or other substance to which the body reacts by producing antibodies.
Redness and warmth that develop at the site of an injury, reflecting dilation of blood vessels that permits the expanded flow of leukocytes to the region.
Diseases that take hold only when the immune system is weakened and unable to fend them off.
Having a pathogen or antibodies to that pathogen in the bloodstream.
Lacking a pathogen or antibodies to that pathogen in the bloodstream.
The acronym for "highly active antiretroviral therapy," which refers to the combination or cocktail of drugs used to treat HIV/AIDS.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1)
The virus that causes oral herpes, which is characterized by cold sores or ever blisters on the lips or mouth.
An STI caused by the Herpes simplex virus type 2 and characterized by painful shallow sores and blisters on the genitals.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2)
The virus that causes genital herpes.
A herpes infection of the eye, usually cause by touching and infected area of the body and then touching the eye.
Warning symptoms that signal the onset of a disease.
An STI that is caused by the human papilloma virus and takes the form of warts that appear around the genitals and the anus.
An inflammation of the liver.
A yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes.
An STI that is caused by a pox virus that causes painless raised lesions to appear on the genitals, buttocks, thighs, or lower abdomen.
Parasites that live on the outside of the host's body.
A parasitic infestation bt pubic lice (Pthirus pubis) that causes itching.