Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

Goverment H > Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (20):
1

the lower federal courts

inferior courts

2

the authority of a court to hear cases

jurisdiction

3

cases that can be heard only in federal courts

exclusive jurisdiction

4

the person who files the suit

plaintiff

5

the person whom the suit is against

defendant

6

the power of a court to hear a case first

original jurisdiction

7

the authority of a court ti review decisions of inferior courts

appellate jurisdiction

8

a case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by the law

criminal case

9

a case involving a non-criminal matter

civil case

10

a courts list of cases to be heard

docket

11

The writ ordered by a court directing a lower court to send up records for a given case for reveiw

writ of certiorari

12

A method of putting a case before the Supreme Court. Used when a lower court is not clear about the procedure or rule of law that should apply in a case.

certificate

13

It announces the Court's decision in a case and sets out the reasoning ion which it is based.

Majority Opinion

14

Examples to be followed in similar cases as they arise in the lower courts or reach the Supreme Court.

Precedents

15

Written to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the majority opinion.

Concurring Opinion

16

Written by justices who do not agree with the Court's majority decision. An appeal to the brooding spirit of the law, to the intelligence of a future day.

Dissenting Opinion

17

Satisfaction of a claim payment.

Redress

18

A court composed of military personnel, for the trial of those accused of violating military law.

Court-martial

19

a court operating as a part of the judicial branch, entirely separate fro the military establishment.

Civilian Tribunal

20

Jurisdicition for sharing power to hear a case

Concurrent jurisdiction