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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (20):
1

The first ten amendments to the Constitution

Bill of Rights

2

the guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and property from the arbitrary acts of government, including freedom of speech and freedom of religion

civil liberties

3

a term used for those positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all people

civil rights

4

a foreign-born resident, or non-citizen

alien

5

part of the 14th Amendment which guarantees that no state denies basic rights to its people

Due Process Clause

6

the process of including most of the guarantees in the Bill of Rights into the 14th amendment's Due Process Clause

process of incorporation

7

separates church and state

Establishment Clause

8

church-related

parochial

9

the second part of the constitutional guarantee of religious freedom, which guarantees to each person the right to believe whatever he or she chooses to believe in matters of religion

Free Exercise Clause

10

false and malicious use of printed words.

libel

11

false and malicious use of spoken words

slander

12

the crime of attempting to overthrow the government by force, or to disrupt its lawful activities by violent acts

sedition

13

the advocating, or urging, of an attempt to overthrow the government by force, or to disrupt its lawful activities with violence

seditious speech

14

the government cannot curb ideas before they are expressed

prior restraint

15

a law which gives reporters some protection against having to disclose their sources or reveal other confidential information in legal proceedings

shield law

16

expression by conduct; communicating ideas through facial expressions, body language, or by carrying a sign or wearing an arm band

symbolic speech

17

patrolling of a business site by workers who are on strike

picketing

18

to gather in order to express views on public matters

assemble

19

the government may not regulate assemblies on the basis on what might be said

content neutral

20

the right to associate with others to promote political, economic, and other social causes

right of association