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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (15)
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1

What is provenience?

The location of an artifact or feature within a site

2

Whats a "midden?"

A waste dump that contains products of the population that produced the waste

3

What is "Taphonomy?"

The study of changes that occur to organisms or objects (bones) after being buried or deposited

4

What is an "archaeological site?"

Areas of past human habitation or where fossils are found

5

What is a
Artifact
Ecofact
Feature
Association?

Items made by peoplefound in archaeological context:
Nature objects that have been used/affected by humans:
Non portable portions of a site(posts, graves etc.)
The realationship between artifacts and features in a site

6

What is provenience?

The location of an artifact or feature within a site

7

What is a subsurface technique?

Archaeological survey technique that maps features beneath the surface

8

What is a datum?

A fixed reference in an archaeological site used to define the location of info & specimine found on a site

9

What is the law of superposition?

The farther down the layer is the older it is

10

What is dendrochronology?

An absolute dating method based on counting annual tree rings

11

What is radiocarbon dating

A dating method that uses the decay rate of carbon 14 to date organic materials

12

What is potassium- argon dating? (K-Ar)

Dating method that uses rate of decay of potassium to date samples from 5000-3bill years ago (use for rocks with lots of potassuim not bomes etc.)

13

What ways can archaeological sites be found?

Random finding, clearing forests,
Making new developments, and searching for them

14

2 types of dating methods

Relative dating
Absolute dating

15

What is a type of reletive dating?

Stratigraphy: determines wether an object or feature is younger or older than other objects/features