Important Shit From Notes Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Important Shit From Notes Test 2 Deck (16)
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1

What is the kingdom, phylum, class, and order of humans?

Animalia
Chordata
Mammalia
Primate

2

Characteristics of vertebrates

Must have internal spine, bilateral symmetry (left and right side are similar) same basic skeletal design (arms legs / fins etc)

3

Mammal characteristics

(Most) viviparity- give birth to live animals
Females possess mammary glands which feed offspring
2 sets of teeth, baby & adult
Limbs tucked under body (not side like crocodile)

4

Primate characteristics

Opposable thumbs
Nails instead of claws
Fire ward facing eyes (stereoscopic)

5

Hominid characheristics

Absence of tails
Difference in skeletal structure/ dentition

6

Who was the first homo that’s believed to be able to speak?

H. Erectus

7

3 age system

Stone Age (palaeolithic/ Neolithic)
Bronze Age (mostly copped &stone)
Iron Age: mostly iron

8

Homo habilis

First took maker
Speech abilities questioned
680cc

9

Oldowan took tradition

Oldest tool tradition
2.5 mya
Made by “percussion flaking” (one stone hit by another)

10

Homo erectus

First hominin to leave Africa
Started “acheulian” tool tradition
Evidence for spoken language

11

Acheulian tool tradition

Homo erectus
Tools twice the size of oldowan

12

Niamdertals

Communication
Mousterian tool tradition
Had tools for different tasks
Signs of culture (burials for the dead etc)

13

Mousterian tool tradition

Neandertals
More flakes than hand axes
Tools for different tasks

14

Amhs characteristics

Domed cranium (avg cc 1350)
More gracile

15

Upper paliolithic tool traditions

Chatelporronian
Aurignacian
Gravettian
SOLUTREAN
magdalenian

16

SOLUTREAN tool tradition

Upper Paleolithic
Focus on blades (flakes that are twice as long as they are wide)
Used indirect percussion