Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (19)
Terms that convey information.
Terminology that expresses or evokes feelings.
A value claim
Claim that something is good, bad, right, wrong, better, worse, more important, or less important than some other thing.
An Ambiguous expression
one that can be interpreted as having more than one clearly distinct meaning in a given context.
the qualities, properties, characteristics or attributes that the term "connotes".
consists of the members of the class that the term denotes.
A collection of objects to which that term applies.
Assigns meaning to a word for the first time. It is the adaptation of language.
A definition used to report the meaning that a word already has in a language. It is the standard definition of a word.
Criteria for a Lexical Definition
- should conform to the standards of proper grammar
- convey the essential meaning of the word being defined
- Should be neither too broad or too narrow
- Should avoid circularity
- Should not be negative when it can be affirmative
- Should avoid affective terminology (emotive language)
- indicate the context to which the definiens pertains.
Intends to give more precision to an otherwise ambiguous term.
Terms defined within the context of a theory, and which its definition is made to fit a theory.
Intended to get you to feel a certain way about the term.
When one is defined through non-verbal reference to an object.
Listing of objects in the class of which is to be defined.
To point off subclasses of a term.
Defined by the use of other words in a different language.
Defining a term by giving an operation that gives meaning to a word.
Genus and Difference
Defining what is the differing factor of the object.