Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (15)
spells out what is being investigated
-sets out the relationship between variables such as age, education, race, income, employment status, marital status
-Ideas or guesses about a given state of affairs, put forward as bases for empirical testing
-Ethnography: Participant Observation
-The diverse methods of investigation used to gather empirical (factual) material. Different research methods exist in sociology, but the most commonly used are fieldwork (or participant observation) and survey methods. For many purposes, it is useful to combine two or more methods within a single research project.
The firsthand study of people using participant observation or interviewing
-surveys are based upon questionnaires or interviews
-answers are collected from a sample that represents the whole population
a method of research widely used in sociology and anthropology, in which the researcher takes part in the activities of the group or community being studied.
The people who are the focus of social research
a trial run in survey research
a small proportion of a larger population
studying a proportion of individuals or cases from a larger population as representative of that population as a whole
-a statistical measure of central tendency, or average, based on dividing a total by the number of individual cases.
- middle value
-the number that falls halfway in a range of numbers—a way of calculating central tendency that is sometimes more useful than calculating a mean
-variables change together
-the measure of the degree of correlation between variables
sampling method in which a sample is chosen so that every member of the population has the same probability of being included.
a research method in which variables can be analyzed in a controlled and systematic way, either in an artificial situation constructed by the researcher or in naturally occurring settings.