Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Sociology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Status

a position in social structure
-a person can hold more than one status at a time
ex: Queen Elizabeth
1.queen
2.wealthy
3.veteran
4.old
5.dog lover
6.wife
-The social honor or prestige that a particular group is accorded by other members of a society. Status groups normally display distinct styles of life—patterns of behavior that the members of a group follow.

2

Achieved Status

attained through effort or choice
ex: mother

3

Ascribed Status

assigned at birth or involuntary by society
ex: age

4

Master Status

most important status- largely determines social identity
ex: George W Bush- President

5

Roles

expected behaviors includes rights and obligations associated with a status
-role pairs facilitate social interactions
ex: mother/child
teacher/student
doctor/patient
-The expected behaviors of people occupying particular social positions.

6

Role Set

cluster of roles associated with a status

7

Erving Goffman

ideas on social interaction
-uses the analogy of "Theater"
-Dramaturgy
-impression management
-response cries

8

Impression Management

Preparing for the presentation of one's social role
-you have a front/ back stage
-front- performance
-back- relax and behave informally
-you brush it off and act cool to your friends if you got rejected

9

Response Cries

Seemingly involuntary exclamations individuals make when, for example, they are taken by surprise, drop something inadvertently, or want to express pleasure.
-"oops", "duh"

10

Unfocused Interactions

people are aware of the others around them and may engage in civil inattention
-acknowledgement of strangers in our midst
-Interaction occurring among people present in a particular setting but not engaged in direct face-to-face communication
-Erving Goffman

11

Focused Interactions

encounters- direct attention to what others do or say
-Interaction between individuals engaged in a common activity or in direct conversation with one another
-Erving Goffman

12

Ethnomethodology

-Harold Garfinkel-study of how people make sense of what others say and do in the course of daily social interaction
ex: "I'm late" could either mean- I'm pregnant or you're late somewhere

13

Civil Inattention

The process whereby individuals in the same physical setting glance at each other and quickly look away to indicate awareness of each other but not intrusiveness

14

Nonverbal Communication

Communication between individuals based on facial expression or bodily gesture rather than on language

15

Personal Space

The physical space individuals maintain between themselves and others
-Edward T. Hall