Chapter 2 - Cervical Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Cervical Deck (20):
1

C1 has no ___ or ___

Spinous process, vertebral body

2

Bifid spinous processes

C2-C6

3

Articular pillars (lateral masses) - between what?

Posterior to the ____

Superior and inferior facets

Cervical transverse processes

4

Foramen transversarium

Hole in cervical vertebral bodies for vertebral artery

5

Scalenes - origin and insertion

O = Posterior tubercle of cervical TPs
I = Rib 1 (anterior, middle), Rib 2 (posterior)

6

Scalenes - unilateral and bilateral functions

Respiratory function?

U/L = SB to same side
B/L = flex neck

Elevate 1st and 2nd ribs for inhalation

7

SCM - origin and insertion

O = mastoid process, lateral 1/2 of superior nuchal line
I = medial 1/3 of clavicle and sternum

8

SCM - unilateral and bilateral functions

U/L = SB toward, rotate away
B/L = flex neck

9

Torticollis

Shortened/restricted SCM

10

1st/2nd rib inhalation dysfunction - common tenderpoint

Scalene

11

Alar ligament - origin and insertion

O = Sides of dens
I = Lateral margins of foramen magnum

12

Transverse ligament of atlas - origin and insertion

Fxn?

O/I = Lateral masses of C1

Hold dens in place

13

AA subluxation...common diseases? (2)

Why?

RA, Down syndrome

Weakening of transverse and alar ligaments

14

Joints of Luschka

Other name?

Fxn?

Degenerative change or hypertrophy?

Uncinate processes (C3-C7) + vertebra above

Uncovertebral joints

Sidebending

Nerve root compression (foraminal stenosis)

15

Spinal nerves that exit above their vertebrae?

C1 to C7

16

OA - major motions

Flexion, Extension

17

C2-C4 - major motion?
C5-C7 - major motion?

Rotation
Sidebending

18

Right translation of OA = SB to the ____

LEFT

19

Directly measuring side-bending of OA

Depths of occipital sulci (deep R sulcus = L SB)

20

Right translation of C2-7 = SB to the ____

LEFT