Chapter 1 - Basics Flashcards Preview

Boards OMM > Chapter 1 - Basics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Basics Deck (34):
1

TART

Tissue texture change
Asymmetry
Restriction
Tenderness

2

3 types of barriers

Anatomic (passive ROM)
Physiologic (active ROM)
RESTRICTIVE (pathologic ROM)

3

Only subjective component of TART

Tenderness

4

Acute or chronic...

Edematous, erythematous, boggy, increased moisture, hypertonic

Acute

5

Acute or chronic...

Little edema, cool, dry, tense, flaccid, ropy

Chronic

6

Acute or chronic...

Compensation

Chronic

7

Acute or chronic...

Restrictive and painful with movement

Acute

8

Acute or chronic...

Restrictive without pain

Chronic

9

Acute or chronic...

Dull, achy, burning

Chronic

10

Type 1 spinal mechanics (neutral) - does rotation or sidebending come first?

Sidebending (rotation occurs as a result)

11

See Type 1 Mechanics...

Think ____ and ____

GROUP, OPPOSITE

12

See Type 2 Mechanics...

Think ____ and ____

SINGLE VERTEBRA, SAME SIDE

13

Type 2 spinal mechanics (F or E) - does rotation or sidebending come first?

Does every vertebrae that is F or E do this?

Rotation (SB occurs as a result)

NO, only 1

14

Type 1 and Type 2 mechanics - think ___ or ___

THORACIC, LUMBAR

15

Initiating motion in any 1 vertebral plane will (increase/decrease) the ability to move in the other 2 planes

DECREASE

16

Describing motion in any 1 vertebra means its motion in relation to what other vertebra?

The one BELOW

Aka...L4 restriction means L4 on L5

17

L4 PTP on the R
In flexion, the PTP goes away

Diagnosis?

L4 F RrSr

18

SUPERIOR facet orientation
- Cervical
- Thoracic
- Lumbar

Cervical = BUM (backward, upward, medial)

Thoracic = BUL (backward, upward, lateral)

Lumbar = BM (backward, medial)

19

Isolytic contraction

Contraction against resistance while forcing the muscle to lengthen (like failing to hold up a weight)

20

Concentric contraction

How does this differ from isotonic?

Results in origin and insertion getting closer

Here, no opposing force that the muscle must overcome

21

Eccentric contraction

Does this differ from isolytic?

"Negatives"

Isolytic is a specific form of eccentric used to lengthen fibrotic muscles

22

Direct, Indirect, or Both...

- MFR
- Counterstrain
- FPR
- ME

MFR = BOTH
Counterstrain = Indirect
FPR = Indirect
ME = Direct

23

Direct, Indirect, or Both...

- HVLA
- Cranial
- Lymphatics
- Chapman's reflexes

HVLA = Direct
Cranial = BOTH
Lymphatics = Direct
Chapmans = Direct

24

Elderly and hospitalized patients - treatments

Indirect, articulatory

25

Acute neck strain/sprains - treatments

Indirect (prevent further strain)

26

Sicker patients, limit OMT to ___

A few key areas

27

Allow time between treatments for ____

The patient's body to respond and recover

28

Acute cases should have a (shorter/longer) time between treatments

Shorter

29

Psoas syndrome - first treatment

Lumbar spine

30

Order of treatment...C-spine, ribs, upper thoracics

1. Ribs/thoracics
2. C spine

31

Order of treatment...thoracic spine, ribs

1. Thoracic spine
2. Ribs

32

Order of treatment...acute area, surrounding areas

1. Surrounding areas
2. Acute area

33

___ treatments can make patient relax prior to using OMT in other areas

Cranial

34

Order of treatment...extremities, axial skeleton

1. Axial skeleton
2. Extremities