Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Craniosacral Deck (26):
Components of the primary respiratory mechanism (5)
CNS, CSF, Dura, Cranial bones, Sacrum
Attachments of the dura (4)
Foramen magnum, C2, C3, S2
Cranial rhythmic impulse
Fluctuation of the CSF that is palpated on the skull
10-14 per minute
Factors that decrease the CRI (4)
Factors that increase the CRI (3)
Midline bone flexion = paired bone ___
Extension (flEXion = EXternal rotation)
Reciprocal tension membrane
The tough dura that acts as an inelastic rope between the cranium and the sacrum
Vertical strain - how do the sphenoid and occiput rotate?
They rotate in the SAME direction around separate transverse axes
Lateral strain - how do the sphenoid and occiput rotate?
They rotate in the SAME direction around separate vertical axes
Head shaped like a parallelogram - diagnosis?
What is a PHYSIOLOGIC strain pattern?
Which ones can be this?
One that does not interfere with the flexion and extension components
Trauma to the back of the head
Severely decreased CRI
Vagus problems - SDs? (3)
OA, AA, and/or C2
Poor suckling of newborn - SDs? (2)
Condylar compression (XII)
IX and X at jugular foramen
4 goals of craniosacral OMT
1. Reduce venous congestion
2. Mobilize articular restrictions
3. Balance the SBS
4. Enhance the RATE and AMPLITUDE of the CRI
Goal of venous sinus technique
Increase venous flow through venous sinuses so blood can exit the SKULL through the JUGULAR FORAMEN
CV4 technique - purpose
What is encouraged?
Enhance the AMPLITUDE of the CRI
Extension phase (until a still point is reached)
V spread - where can it be used?
ANY impacted suture
Frontal and parietal lifts - use?
Aid in balance of membranous tension
Cranial after the birth of a child - why?
Facilitate bony remodeling and delay formation of a synostosis
Dentistry - how can the PRM be affected?
Compromised by improperly directed forces during dentistry
Trauma to the PRM - use of treatment?
Normalize the RATE and AMPLITUDE of the CRI
Potential complications of cranial treatments
HA, tinnitus, dizziness
Altered HR, BP, respiration, and GI irritability
Absolute CI's to cranial
Acute intracranial bleed or increased ICP
Relative CIs to cranial
Know seizure history of dystonia
Traumatic brain injury