Chapter 9 - Craniosacral Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Craniosacral Deck (26):
1

Components of the primary respiratory mechanism (5)

CNS, CSF, Dura, Cranial bones, Sacrum

2

Attachments of the dura (4)

Foramen magnum, C2, C3, S2

3

Cranial rhythmic impulse

Rate?

Fluctuation of the CSF that is palpated on the skull

10-14 per minute

4

Factors that decrease the CRI (4)

Stress
Depression
Chronic fatigue
Chronic infection

5

Factors that increase the CRI (3)

Vigorous exercise
Systemic fever
OMT

6

Midline bone flexion = paired bone ___

Extension (flEXion = EXternal rotation)

7

Reciprocal tension membrane

The tough dura that acts as an inelastic rope between the cranium and the sacrum

8

Vertical strain - how do the sphenoid and occiput rotate?

They rotate in the SAME direction around separate transverse axes

9

Lateral strain - how do the sphenoid and occiput rotate?

They rotate in the SAME direction around separate vertical axes

10

Head shaped like a parallelogram - diagnosis?

Lateral strain

11

What is a PHYSIOLOGIC strain pattern?

Which ones can be this?

One that does not interfere with the flexion and extension components

Torsion, SB/R

12

Trauma to the back of the head
Severely decreased CRI

SBS Compression

13

Vagus problems - SDs? (3)

OA, AA, and/or C2

14

Poor suckling of newborn - SDs? (2)

Condylar compression (XII)
IX and X at jugular foramen

15

4 goals of craniosacral OMT

1. Reduce venous congestion
2. Mobilize articular restrictions
3. Balance the SBS
4. Enhance the RATE and AMPLITUDE of the CRI

16

Goal of venous sinus technique

Increase venous flow through venous sinuses so blood can exit the SKULL through the JUGULAR FORAMEN

17

CV4 technique - purpose

What is encouraged?

Enhance the AMPLITUDE of the CRI

Extension phase (until a still point is reached)

18

V spread - where can it be used?

ANY impacted suture

19

Frontal and parietal lifts - use?

Aid in balance of membranous tension

20

Cranial after the birth of a child - why?

Facilitate bony remodeling and delay formation of a synostosis

21

Dentistry - how can the PRM be affected?

Compromised by improperly directed forces during dentistry

22

Trauma to the PRM - use of treatment?

Normalize the RATE and AMPLITUDE of the CRI

23

Potential complications of cranial treatments

HA, tinnitus, dizziness
Altered HR, BP, respiration, and GI irritability

24

Absolute CI's to cranial

Acute intracranial bleed or increased ICP

25

Relative CIs to cranial

Know seizure history of dystonia
Traumatic brain injury

26

Tic Douloureux symptoms - nerve?

V2