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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Patient Care Q's Deck (100)
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1

Routes of entry of toxic chemicals may include:

a. Swallowing and inhalation
b. Inhalation only
c. Absorption through skin or mucous membranes
d. Inhalation, swallowing, or absorption through skin or mucous membranes

D. Inhalation, swallowing, or absorption through skin or mucous membranes

2

Written instructions for handling of biohazardous materials, safe use of the produce, and cleanup and disposal directions are called:

a. Package inserts
b. HIPAA
c. MSDS
d. Biohazardous warning systems

C. MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets.

3

When should older patients be scheduled?

a. Late in the day to give them time to build their strength
b. For one examination at a time
c. As early in the day as possible
d. Only when no one else is in the department

C. As early in the day as possible

4

Patients who have been NPO should be scheduled:

a. Last
b. First
c. Just before lunch
d. In any way that helps the work flow

B. First

5

Patients with diabetes should be scheduled:

a. Late in the day to give them time to build their strength
b. Only after they have had their insulin
c. As early in the day as possible
d. Immediately after a full breakfast

C. As early in the day as possible

The need for insulin means patients who are diabetic should be imaged early.

6

Endoscopic procedures should be scheduled:

a. After ingestion of barium for increased contrast
b. First in a series of procedures
c. After a series of procedures so as to verify the diagnosis
d. Only by the endoscopy department

B. First in a series of procedures

It is important that either the stomach or the colon be empty, with nothing interfering from a previous procedure.

7

What describes Torts?

a. Violations of criminal law
b. Considered part of personal injury law
c. Provide for compensation for injury
d. Violations of civil law that are part of personal injury law and provide for compensation for injury

D. Violations of civil law that are part of a professional injury law and provide for compensation for injury.

Be sure to know these basic legal concepts. D is the most complete answer.

8

Which of the following would be considered as an example of battery?

A. Violating HIPAA
B. Radiographing the wrong patient or body part
C. Verbally abusing a patient
D. Criticizing a physicians order in front of a patient

B. Radiographing the wrong patient or body part

Choice A is a violation of privacy, choice C is a form of assault, and choice D is unprofessional behavior

9

Assault means:

A. threatening the patient or causing the patient to be apprehensive
B. Striking the patient
C. Touching the patient without consent
D. Performing radiography against the patients will

A. Threatening the patient or causing the patient to be apprehensive.

Keep in mind that assault does not have to involve touching the patient.

10

Which of the following is an example of invasion of privacy?

A. Radiographing the wrong patient
B. Unjustified restraint of patient
C. Improperly exposing the patient's body
D. Radiographing the wrong body part

C. Improperly exposing the patient's body

Choices A and D constitute battery. Choice B could be considered false imprisonment.

11

Unintentional misconduct is also called:

a. Negligence
b. An accident
c. Libel
d. Slander

a. Negligence

Although unintentional, it still carries with it penalties. Something that should have been done was not done.

12

The concept of the reasonably prudent person is interpreted as:

a. How a reasonable jury member would perform the act
b. How a professional who has similar education, training, and experience would perform the act
c. How a prudent attorney would interpret the act
d. How a reasonable and prudent judge would rule on the act

b. How a professional who has similar education, training, and experience would perform the act

The defendant is compared with individuals having similar experience.

13

Respondeat superior means:

a. “The thing speaks for itself”
b. A radiographer has no need to carry malpractice insurance
c. The reasonable and prudent person should make the decision
d. “Let the master answer”

d. “Let the master answer”

The employer is always responsible for the actions of the employees. This does not mean the radiographer is not also responsible.

14

Gross negligence is:

a. A case that includes the injured person as a contributing party to the injury
b. Loss of life or limb
c. An act that shows reckless disregard for life or limb
d. Found in criminal cases only

c. An act that shows reckless disregard for life or limb

Choice B actually involves loss of life or limb; gross negligence does not have to involve an actual loss.

15

Which of the following conditions must be met to prove malpractice?

a. The injury actually occurred and is a result of negligence
b. The standard of care was violated by the person being sued
c. The injury was caused by the person being sued and is a result of negligence
d. The standard of care was violated and the injury actually occurred and was caused by the defendant and was a result of negligence

d. The standard of care was violated and the injury actually occurred and was caused by the defendant and was a result of negligence

Be familiar with these facts concerning malpractice.

16

A case involving obvious negligence would be defined by the doctrine of:

a. Respondeat superior
b. Slander
c. Libel
d. Res ipsa loquitur

d. Res ipsa loquitur

This means “the thing speaks for itself.” It is something that could not have occurred by natural means.

17

Which of the following statements are true concerning valid (informed) consent?

1. Patient must be of legal age
2. Patient must be given a brochure describing the risks of the procedure in lay terms
3. Consent must be offered voluntarily
4. Patient must be mentally competent
5. Patient must completely understand all aspects of the procedure


a. 1, 3, 4
b. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
c. 1, 2, 3, 4
d. 1, 2, 3, 5

a. 1, 3, 4

1. Patient must be of legal age
3. Consent must be offered voluntarily
4. Patient must be mentally competent

Choice 2 is incorrect because a brochure does not have to be given to the patient. Choice 5 is incorrect because patients are unlikely to completely understand all aspects of a procedure.

18

Patient transfers from cart to x-ray table and back to cart should be performed:

a. By the radiographer alone if the patient is ambulatory
b. By two or more radiographers to ensure patient and radiographer safety
c. By the radiographer alone if the department is short staffed
d. By the radiographer alone so as not to frighten the patient

b. By two or more radiographers to ensure patient and radiographer safety

Choice A is incorrect because a patient who is ambulatory would not be on a cart. Choice C is incorrect because patient care must never be compromised because of short staffing. Choice D is incorrect because safety is of paramount importance.

19

A patient history should be taken by the radiographer:

a. To assist the radiographer in understanding the patient’s injury and to assist the radiologist with interpretation of the images
b. To verify patient name and form of payment
c. Only on patients from the ED
d. Only in the absence of the patient’s chart

a. To assist the radiographer in understanding the patient’s injury and to assist the radiologist with interpretation of the images

It is very important to obtain an accurate patient history on all patients.

20

Direct contact allows an infectious organism to move:

a. From the susceptible host directly to the infected person
b. From the infected person directly to the susceptible host
c. In either direction

b. From the infected person directly to the susceptible host

Be sure to review the principles of infection control.

21

21. MSDS provide directions for:

a. Housekeeping only
b. Engineering only
c. Radiology only
d. All persons exposed to hazardous materials

d. All persons exposed to hazardous materials

22

22. If the radiographer touches hazardous chemicals, what must be done first?

a. Rinse immediately with warm water
b. Rinse immediately with cool water for at least 5 minutes
c. Rinse immediately with cool water for at least 15 minutes
d. Rinse with the warmest water that can be tolerated

b. Rinse immediately with cool water for at least 5 minutes

23

23. Vectors may be:

a. Insects
b. Persons
c. Plants
d. Objects

A. Insects

Vectors involve animals.

24

24. Common vehicle transmission involves:

a. The spread of infection in crowded forms of public transportation, such as jet aircrafts, subways, and trains
b. Food, water, medications, and equipment
c. Animals
d. Plants

B. Food, water, medications, and equipment

This differs from vector-borne transmission and does not involve motor vehicles.

25

25. Airborne transmission of infection may occur as a result of contact with:

a. Bird droppings, acid rain, or air pollution
b. Droplets and dust
c. Animals
d. Other humans

B. Droplets and dust

Choice C would be vector-borne, and choice D would be direct contact.

26

26. Indirect contact involves:

a. Coughs or sneezes
b. An object containing pathogenic organisms
c. Plants and animals
d. Other humans

B. An object containing pathogenic organisms

Choice A would be droplet transmission, choice C would be vector-borne transmission, and choice D would be direct contact.

27

27. A system that emphasizes the placement of barriers between the health care worker and the patient is called:

a. Universal precautions
b. Standard precautions
c. Universal safety
d. Infection barriers

B. Standard precautions

Standard precautions were formerly called Universal precautions.

28

28. The placement of barriers between the health care worker and the patient assumes that:

a. There is always a contagion present
b. No one wants to be touched
c. Every patient should be in isolation
d. Every health care worker is carrying something contagious

A. There is always a contagion present

Standard precautions are used because we can never know for sure what each patient may carry.

29

29. The most effective method used to prevent the spread of infection is:

a. Wearing of gloves
b. Wearing of gowns
c. Distance
d. Handwashing

D. Handwashing is always the first defense. However, it does not replace any other methods.

30

30. Because barium enemas increase the possibility of contact between body substances and clothing, the radiographer should always wear:

a. Disposable gowns or surgical scrubs
b. Head covering
c. Shoe covering
d. A regular hospital uniform

A. Disposable gowns or surgical scrubs

This is the ideal apparel for these procedures. Head and shoe coverings do little, and a regular uniform may carry organisms after the exam is over.