Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Research Methods in Human Sexuality Deck (46):
A precise prediction about behavior that is tested through research.
Conclusion or opinion
The attributing of human characteristics to an animal.
Quantities or qualities that vary or may vary.
Concerning the viral statistics (race, gender, age, religion, etc.) of human populations.
A complete group of organisms or events.
Part of a population.
To go from the particular to the general.
A sample in which every member of a population has an equal chance of participating.
Stratified Random Sample
A random sample in which known subgroups in a population are represented in proportion to their numbers in the population.
A carefully drawn, in-depth biography of an individual or a small group of individuals that may be obtained through interviews, questionnaires, and historical records.
A detailed study of a sample obtained by means such as interviews and questionnaires.
A slanting of research that is caused by the characteristics of individuals who volunteer to participate, such as willingness to discuss intimate behavior.
Ethics requires that sex researchers do not reveal the identities and behaviors of participants in research. Sometimes records are coded so that someone breaking into them would not be able to decipher the identity of participants. Records are also usually destroyed after all useful information has been gathered.
The consistency of accuracy of a measure.
With respect to interviews, questionnaires, and tests, the degree to which an item measures what is supposed to measure.
A measure of the occurrence or the degree of occurrence of an event.
The number of times an action is repeated within a given period.
A response bias to a questionnaire or interview in which the person provides a socially acceptable response.
A method i which organisms are observed in their natural environments.
A method of research that deals descriptively with specific cultures, especially preliterate societies.
A method in which observers interact with the people the study as they collect data.
A method in which subjects are studied in a laboratory setting.
Penile Strain Gauge
A device for measuring sexual arousal in men in terms of changes in the circumference of the penis.
A tampon-like probe that is inserted in the vagina and suggests the level of vasocongestion by measuring the light reflected from the vaginal walls.
Congestion from the flow of blood.
A statistical measure of the relationship between to variables.
A statistic that expresses the strength and direction (positive or negative) of the relationship between two variables.
A scientific method that seeks to confirm cause-and-effect relationships by manipulating independent variables and observing their effects on dependent variables.
In experiments, an intervention that is administered to participants (e.g., a test, a drug, or sex-education program) so that it's effects may be observed.
A condition in a scientific study that is manipulated so that its effects may be observed.
The measured result of an experiment, which is believed to be a function of the independent variable.
A group of study participants who receive a treatment.
A group of study participants who do not receive the experimental treatment. However, other conditions are held comparable to those of individuals in the experimental group.
A bias that may operate in research when people are allowed to determine whether of not they will receive a treatment.
In a(n) _____ sample, every member of the target population has an equal chance in participating.
The ______ reports interviewed 5,300 males and 5,940 females between 1938 and 1949.
Government studies of the sexual experience of single teenagers in the United States have found that the self-reported incidence of sexual intercourse
decreased from 1988 through 2010.
Experimenters randomly assign subjects to experimental or _____ groups.
A scientific sample must be
Participants did not provide informed consent in the ______ Syphilis Study.
People who agree to participate in psychological research may not represent the general population because of
Most researchers agree that the best means of learning about cause and effect is
Katherine Frank engaged in