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The signs of aging are influenced by factors such as the sun, health habits, lifestyle and:

A. water
B. heredity
C. vitamins
D. oxygen

heredity

1

The percentage of skin aging that is caused by the rays of the sun is approximately:

A. 50 to 55 %
B. 60 to 65%
C. 70 to75 %
D. 80 to 85%

80 to 85%

2

The UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, which are:

A. UVA and UVB rays
B. VBC and ABA rays
C. UVA and ULB rays
D. UVB and ABB rays

UVA and UVB rays

3

The UVA rays that are deep-penetrating and can go through a glass window are:

A. sun rays
B. aging rays
C. light rays
D. ultra rays

aging rays

4

Wrinkling and sagging of the skn are caused by weakening collagen fibers and:

A. protein fibers
B. tissue fibers
C. elastin fibers
D. dermis fibers

elastin fibers

5

UVB rays contribute to the body's synthesis of vitamin D and other important:

A. absorption
B. minerals
C. elements
D. rejuvenation

minerals

6

Daily moisturizers or protective lotions should have a sunscreen with an SPF of at least:

A. 5
B. 8
C. 10
D. 15

15

7

The American Cancer Society checklist used to recognize skin cancer is:

A. asymmetry, big, colored, diameter
B. border, color, diameter, evolving
C. angle, border, continued, diameter
D. asymmetry, border, color, diameter

asymmetry, border, color, diameter

8

A salon should not service a client who is suffering from a(n):

A. skin condition
B. inflamed skin disorder
C. skin discoloration
D. pustule

inflamed skin disorder

9

A small circumscribed elevation of the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a:

A. macula
B. scar
C. mole
D. papule

papule

10

An abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells and varying is size, shape and color is a:

A. tumor
B. mole
C. macula
D. bulla

tumor

11

A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis is a:

A. split
B. crust
C. pustule
D. fissure

crust

12

Keratin-filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis and have no visible openings are:

A. milia
B. ulcers
C. crust
D. pustules

milia

13

Any thin plate of dry or oily epidermal flakes in the scalp area is referred to as:

A. scales
B. dandruff
C. flakes
D. comedo

dandruff

14

Sebum from a comedo exposed to the environment turns black and:

A. closes
B. opens
C. oxidizes
D. removes

oxidizes

15

Comedones should be removed under aseptic conditions using proper:

A. skin lotions
B. extraction procedures
C. electric tools
D. skin conditioners

extraction procedures

16

A chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands is:

A. freckles
B. acne
C. tumors
D. milia

acne

17

An inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by dry or oily crusting or itchiness is:

A. seborrheic dermatitis
B. seborrheic acne
C. sebaceous masses
D. bacterium acne

seborrheic dermatitis

18

A dry, scaly skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age or exposure to the cold is:

A. cystic
B. cortisone
C. rosacea
D. asteatosis

asteatosis

19

A disorder of the sweat gland caused by excessive exposure to the heat is:

A. steatoma
B. miliaria rubra
C. anhidrosis
D. dermatitis

miliaria rubra

20

A painful itching skin disease with dry or moist lesions that a physician needs to treat is:

A. eczema
B. acne
C. psoriasis
D. cyst

eczema

21

A contagious recurring viral infection characterized by blisters on the lips or nostrils is:

A. eczema simplex
B. macula simplex
C. herpes simplex
D. contact dermatitis

herpes simplex

22

The medical term for abnormal skin inflammation is:

A. abrasion
B. dermatitis
C. psoriasis
D. bulla

dermatitis

23

Prolonged or repeated direct skin contact with chemicals has the potential to cause:

A. allergic reactions
B. histamine reactions
C. keloids
D. absorption

allergic reactions

24

The chemicals released by the immune system to enlarge the vessels around an injury are:

A. correctors
B. irritants
C. allergens
D. histamines

histamines

25

Surprisingly, a very common salon irritants:

A. soap
B. air
C. tap water
D. shampoo

tap water

26

Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape is a:

A. mole
B. stain
C. chloasma
D. lentigo

stain

27

The absence of melanin pigment from the body and skin sensitivity to light are signs of:

A. nevus
B. lentignes
C. asteatosis
D. albinism

albinism

28

A spot or blemish spot on the skin that requires medical attention if there is a change is a:

A. blemish
B. mole
C. freckle
D. keratoma

mole

29

The most common type of skin cancer characterized by light or pearly nodules is:

A. basal cell carcinoma
B. malignant melanoma
C. squamous cell melanoma
D. verruca cell

basal cell carcinoma