Chapter 22 - Respiratory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22 - Respiratory Deck (33)
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1

Common cold is what type of infection?

VIRAL infection

2

Common cold affects what part of the body?

Upper respiratory tract

3

Manifestations of common cold?

- Malaise
- Fatigue
- Headache
- Hoarseness
- Sinus Congestion
- Myalgia

4

Common cold treatments?

- Antipyretic
- Decongestants
- Other OTC drugs

5

Parainfluenza viruses affect who more?

Cancer patients

6

______________ causes acute upper respiratory infection?

Influenza

7

Influenza manifestations?

- Fever
- Chills
- Malaise
- Watery nasal drainage
- soar throat
- myalgia
- headache
- non-productive cough

8

Influenza treatment?

- rest
- increase fluid intake
- keep warm
- analgesics
- cough medicine
- antivirals

9

What do Antivirals do?

Decreases the replication of the virus, doesn’t cure it!


* just shortens signs and symptoms*

10

_____________ is the site of gas exchange?

Alveoli

11

Green phlegm = _____________

Bacterial

12

Clear/Yellow phlegm = ____________

Viral

13

Example of an antiviral?

Tamaflu

14

Pneumonia signs & symptoms?

- malaise
- Fever & chills
- productive cough (yellow or green phlegm)
- May see blood tinged sputum
- pleuritic pain

15

In regards to infection Elderly patients may not have what?

- May not have a fever

* common sign is altered mental status*

16

Treatments for pneumonia?

- Droplet precautions
- Antibiotics
- pneumococcal vaccine

17

TB is increased in ___________ &________?

HIV & AIDS positive individuals

18

TB signs & symptoms?

- Fatigue
- productive cough (purulent/blood tinged)
- low-grade fevers
- night sweats
- anorexia & weight loss (20/30/40lbs a month)
- dyspnea

19

TB treatments?

- Airborne precautions
- multi-drug regimen

20

How can you tell if someone has ACTIVE TUBERCULOSIS?

- chest x-ray
- acid fast bacilli (afb)

21

_____________ is the most common type of lung cancer?

Adenocarcinoma

22

Squamous cell carcinoma is most common in ________?

Men

23

Lung Cancer Manifestations?

- Chronic cough
- Chest Pain
- Wheezing
- Dyspnea
- Henoptysis

24

Lung Cancer treatment?

- Surgery
- Radiation
- Systemic chemotherapy

25

WBC’s and Neutrophils May or may not be _____________ in Lung cancer patients?

ELEVATED

26

In patients with pneumonia why is the consolidation at the bottom of the lungs?

Phlegm is heavy so it sits at the bottom of the lungs

27

Why does pneumonia have a greater risk for hypoxia?

Alveoli are located at the bottom of the lungs, with the phlegm sitting at the bottom it makes it harder for gas exchange to occur thus leading to hypoxia

28

What is Hemoptysis?

Blood tinged sputum

29

In patients with TB, why is dyspnea fatal is untreated?

Pleural effusion can occur

30

What is Pleural effusion?

Fluid build up between the lungs and chest