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Flashcards in Chapter 28 Deck (67):
0

Lobster, crap, shrimp, and crayfish class

Crustacea

1

Gas exchange in crustaceans

Gills

2

Segments in crustaceans

Head, thorax, and abdomen

3

Fused head and thorax

Cephalothorax

4

Covers the cephalothorax

Carapace

5

Appendages for swimming in Crustacea

Swimmerets

6

Jaw in Crustacea

Mandible

7

First appendage adapted for catching prey in Crustacea

Cheliped

8

Identifiable gender structure in Crustacea

Swimmerets

9

Mouthparts in Crustacea

Chelicerae

10

Structure for grabbing prey in Crustacea

Pedipalp

11

Spider subphylum

Chelicerata

12

Symmetry in Arthropoda

Bilateral

13

Prevents water loss in Arthropoda

Exoskeleton

14

Joints are helpful because....

They allow flexibility and powerful movements of the appendages.

15

Exoskeleton made of ___

Chitin

16

First phylum seen

Trilobyta

17

Feeding structures in Arthropoda

Fangs, pincers, and jaws

18

Respiration in Arthropoda

Tracheal tubes

19

Holes in the side of the body used for respiration in Arthropoda

Spiracles

20

Layers of tissue to exchange gases look like a book

Book lungs

21

Circulation in Arthropoda

Open circulatory system

22

Excretion in Arthropoda

Malpighian tubes

23

Response in Arthropoda

Brain, nerve cords, and sensory organs

24

Visual structure with only one lens that is used for detecting light (Arthropoda)

Simple eye

25

Reproduction in Arthropoda

Internal or external fertilization

26

Body segments in Arthropoda

Cephalothorax and abdomen

27

Contain silk glands in Arthropoda

Spinnerets

28

Two body segments in Arthropoda

Cephalothorax and abdomen

29

Pinchers or fangs that hold food or poison in Arthropoda

Chelicerae

30

Appendages in Arthropoda for handling prey and for sensing (carries sperm in spiders)

Pedipalps

31

Other 4 pairs of appendages in Arthropoda

Adapted for legs- locomotion

32

Gas exchange in chelicerata

Book lungs

33

Ticks, mites, and scorpions body structures

Head, thorax, and abdomen fused together

34

Subphylum of insects and their relatives

Uniramia

35

What percent of all animals are insects

73%

36

Asexual- female reproduces offspring from an unfertilized egg

Parenthogensis

37

Complete life cycle of an insect (how many stages and what are they)

4: egg-> larva -> pupa -> adult

38

Incomplete metamorphosis insects

3: egg, larva, pupa

39

Centipedes and millipede subphylum

Uniramia

40

Centipede class

Chilopoda

41

Millipede class

Diplopoda

42

Excretion in Chilopoda

Malpighian tubes

43

Gas exchange in Chilopoda

Tracheal tubes

44

Feeding of Chilopoda

Carnivorous

45

Feeding of Diplopoda

Eat plants and decaying materials

46

Defense in Diplopoda

Can spray foul smelling fluids from their defensive stink glands

47

Meaning of echinoderm

Spiny skin

48

Formed by hardened plates of calcium bicarbonate

Endoskeleton

49

Symmetry in echnoderms

Radial symmetry

50

Serves to allow water enter and exit

Madreporite

51

Stick to surfaces and help in movement and gas exchange

Tube feet

52

Symmetry in larva

Bilateral symmetry

53

The round muscular structure on the end of the tube foot in echnoderms

Ampulla

54

Long taper arms in echnoderms

Rays

55

Pincer like appendages in echnoderms for protection and cleaning

Pedicellariae

56

Hydrolic system that can transport under water pressure

Water vascular system

57

Respiration, circulation, and excretion in echnoderms

Water vascular system

58

Response in echnoderms

Central nerve ring and scattered sensory organs

59

Movement in echnoderms

Tube feet, rays, and some have muscles

60

Reproduction in echnoderms

External fertilization occurs in water

61

Sea urchins and sand dollars class

Echinoidea

62

Brittle stars class

Ophiuroidea

63

Sea cucumber class

Holothuroidea

64

Sea stars class

Asteroidea

65

Sea lilies and feather stars class

Crinoidea

66

Oldest class of echnoderms

Crinoidea