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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (19):

Agency Law

The large body of common law that governs agency; a mixture of contract law and tort law.



The principal-agent relationship; the fiduciary relationship "which results from the manifestation of consent by one person to another that the other shall act in his behalf and subject to his control, and consent by the other so to act"



A party who employs another person to act on his or her behalf.



A party who agrees to act on behalf of another.


Principal-Agent Relationship

A relationship formed when an employer hires an employee and gives that employee authority to act and enter into contracts on his or her behalf.


Employer-Employee Relationship

A relationship that results when an employer hires an employee to perform some task or service but the employee has not been authorized to enter into contracts on behalf of his employer.


Independent Contractor

A person or business that is not an employee but is employed by a principal to perform a certain task on behalf of the principal.


Express Agency

An agency that occurs when a principal and an agent expressly agree to enter into an agency agreement with each other.


Exclusive Agency Contract

A contract a principal and agent enter into that says the principal cannot employ any agent other than the exclusive agent.


Power of Attorney

An express agency agreement that is often used to give an agent the power to sign legal documents on behalf of the principal.


Implied Agency

An agency that occurs when a principal and an agent do not express create an agency, but it is inferred from the conduct of the parties.


Agency by ratification

An agency that occurs when (1) a person misrepresents him- or herself as another's agent when in fact he or she is not and (2) the purported principal ratifies the unauthorized act.


Apparent Agency

Agency that arises when a principal creates the appearance of an agency that in actuality does not exist.


Duty of Compensate

A duty that a principal owes to pay an agreed-upon amount to the agent either upon the completion of the agency or at same other mutually agreeable time.


Duty to Perform

An agent's duty to a principal that includes (1) performing the lawful duties expressed in the contract and (2) meeting the standards of reasonable care, skill, and diligence implicit in all contracts.


Imputed Knowledge

Information that is learned by an agent that is attributed to the principal.


Duty to Account

A duty that an agent owes to maintain an accurate accounting of all transactions undertaken on the principal's behalf.


Agency Coupled with an Interest

A special type of agency that is created for the agent's benefit and that the principal cannot revoke.


Wrongful Termination

The termination of an agency contract in violation of the terms of the agency contract. The non-breaching party may recover damages from the breaching party.